PCD News Summary for July 20, 2017
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Role of Age and Acculturation in Diet Quality Among Mexican Americans — Findings From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2012
Similar to the diet quality of the general population, new research indicates diet quality for Mexican Americans increased with increasing age, reflecting a change in health consciousness as people age. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2012), researchers found diet quality, measured by the Healthy Eating Index 2010, improved with age except for categories of dairy, sodium, and refined grains. More acculturation (that is, Mexican Americans who have adopted a more American lifestyle) was associated with lower scores in overall diet quality and in the categories of vegetables, fruits, sodium, and empty calories across almost all ages, but higher scores in grain categories, especially in younger groups. A diet rich in fruits and vegetables but low in fat and sodium should be promoted among more acculturated Mexican Americans, and whole-grain foods should be promoted among young but less acculturated Mexican Americans.
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