MMWR News Synopsis
Thursday, February 8, 2018
- Nonfatal Assaults Among Persons Aged 10-24 Years - United States, 2001-2015
- Outbreak of Fluoroquinolone-Resistant Campylobacter jejuni Infections Associated with Raw Milk Consumption from a Herdshare Dairy - Colorado, 2016
- Potential Confounding of Diagnosis of Rabies in Patients with Recent Receipt of Intravenous Immune Globulin
- Notes from the Field
CDC Media Relations
While the rate of nonfatal assault injuries among young people ages 10–24 has declined in the 15-year study period, the continued and expanded use of primary prevention strategies that build communication and problem-solving skills, strengthen family relationships, and address other risk factors for youth violence is critical for stopping youth violence before it starts. The rate of nonfatal assault injuries among young people ages 10-24 years has declined, with the 2015 rate being the lowest in the 15-year study period of 2001 to 2015. The rate declined approximately 28 percent from 2011 to 2015, with significant declines for all groups examined. Despite these encouraging trends, nonfatal violence among youth continues. In 2015, about 485,610 youth were treated for assault-related injuries. Associated medical and lost-work costs were $3.4 billion. CDC’s technical package to prevent youth violence helps communities and states prevent injuries and fatalities and prioritize strategies with the best available evidence. This collection of strategies includes approaches that build individual skills, strengthen family relationships, and can be used in emergency departments.
Outbreak of Fluoroquinolone-Resistant Campylobacter jejuni Infections Associated with Raw Milk Consumption from a Herdshare Dairy — Colorado, 2016
Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment
A 2016 disease outbreak linked to raw milk from a Colorado herdshare operation highlights the risk of drinking unpasteurized milk. A 2016 Colorado outbreak of antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter jejuni was linked to drinking raw (unpasteurized) milk from a herdshare dairy. In Colorado, it is not legal to sell raw milk in a store but it can be obtained by joining a herdshare, in which a member purchases a share of a cow or goat herd and can receive milk from that herd. The investigation revealed that at least 17 people who drank raw milk from this dairy became ill; 12 were confirmed to have Campylobacter jejuni, a bacteria that causes gastrointestinal symptoms and occasionally more severe illness. Laboratory analysis found that the bacteria in the milk matched bacteria from people who were sick and was resistant to several antibiotics. Raw milk is a risky food that may contain harmful bacteria.
Potential Confounding of Diagnosis of Rabies in Patients with Recent Receipt of Intravenous Immune Globulin
CDC Media Relations
Clinicians should interpret Rabies lyssavirus antibody test results with caution in patients who have not been vaccinated against rabies, but who have recently received intravenous immune globulin. Intravenous immune globulin can contain Rabies lyssavirus antibodies. Rabies is caused by infection with Rabies lyssavirus and is nearly always fatal once symptoms start. Clinicians currently are advised to diagnose a patient with rabies if the patient has never been vaccinated for rabies, has a clinically compatible illness, and tests positive for Lyssavirus-specific antibodies. However, patients who have recently received intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) may acquire Lyssavirus antibodies through the IVIG transfusion. This report describes patients who met the current rabies case definition but were not diagnosed with rabies because it was determined their Rabies lyssavirus antibodies originated from IVIG.
CDC works 24/7 protecting America’s health, safety and security. Whether diseases start at home or abroad, are curable or preventable, chronic or acute, or from human activity or deliberate attack, CDC responds to America’s most pressing health threats. CDC is headquartered in Atlanta and has experts located throughout the United States and the world.