MMWR News Synopsis for July 27, 2017
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Progress Toward Elimination of Hepatitis C Virus Infection — Georgia, 2015–2016
CDC Media Relations
The country of Georgia’s hepatitis C elimination program has shown that treatment availability alone is not enough. Eliminating hepatitis C requires a comprehensive approach that includes screening linked to care and curative treatment, high-quality diagnostics, surveillance, provision of services to high-risk and marginalized populations, and measures to prevent transmission. In April 2015, in collaboration with CDC and other partners, the country of Georgia embarked on the world’s first national program to eliminate hepatitis C infection. Georgia has had one of the highest hepatitis C prevalence rates in the world; more than 5 percent of the adult population (150,000 adults) is estimated to be living with the virus. The goal of the program was to reduce Georgia’s hepatitis C prevalence 90 percent by 2020. During the initial phase, the program provided free, curative hepatitis C treatment to infected people with advanced liver disease. In June 2016, the program expanded to offer treatment for everyone regardless of disease severity. By December 2016, 27,595 hepatitis C-infected people initiated treatment. Seventy-two percent completed treatment; 84 percent of those who completed treatment and were tested for hepatitis C RNA were cured. The Georgia model program provides valuable lessons for global hepatitis C elimination, including the key lesson that treatment availability alone is not enough.
Outbreak of Septic Arthritis Associated with Intra-Articular Injections at an Outpatient Practice — New Jersey, 2017
Director of Communications
NJ Department of Health
The findings from this investigation highlight the need for better adherence to and oversight of basic infection prevention recommendations and sterile compounding standards in outpatient settings. All healthcare providers and administrators within healthcare facilities must ensure adherence to recommended infection prevention practices and manufacturer’s recommendations when handling injectable medications. In March 2017, an outbreak of 41 cases of septic arthritis associated with intra-articular injections occurred at a private outpatient practice in New Jersey. A public health investigation identified multiple breaches of recommended infection prevention practices during the preparation and administration of injectable medications. The breaches included poor hand hygiene and inappropriate use of pharmacy bulk packaged (PBP) products by the office staff. Single-use medications, including PBP products, typically lack antimicrobial preservatives and can become contaminated when handled inappropriately. Use of a PBP product as a multiple-dose container outside of required pharmacy conditions can contaminate the container and serve as a source of pathogens for multiple patients. No additional septic arthritis cases were identified after infection prevention recommendations were provided to the practice and implemented.
CDC Grand Rounds: Addressing Health Disparities in Early Childhood
CDC Media Relations
To support healthy child development, it is important to identify and treat problems early, address the needs of parents and caregivers, and work with families across settings and over time. This can only be accomplished through collaborative efforts across systems that support healthy child development. Early childhood is a critical time that influences lifelong health and well-being. Exposure to adversity and stressors such as poverty, lack of safety and stability in the home environment, and lack of access to quality early education can negatively impact a child’s development. These problems can have lifetime effects on learning, health, and earnings; however, responsive parenting and supportive community and health care environments for children early in life can optimize health and development. Public health can support collaboration between health care, early child care, early intervention programs, and social services to prevent the development of diseases and disorders among at-risk and vulnerable children.
Notes from the Field:
- Percentage of Adults Aged ≥18 Years Who Were Never in Pain, in Pain Some Days, or in Pain Most Days or Every Day in the Past 6 Months, by Employment Status — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2016
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- Page last reviewed: July 27, 2017
- Page last updated: July 27, 2017
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