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The MMWR is embargoed until Thursday, 12 PM EDT.
Synopsis for August 20, 2004
HIV Transmission Among Black College Student and Non-Student Men Who Have Sex With Men — North Carolina, 2003
Previously reported data, published today, shows that high-risk sexual
behavior is frequent in young black MSM -- regardless of whether or not
they are enrolled in college.
In May 2003, after identifying 49 new HIV cases among black MSM, the
North Carolina Department of Health and CDC conducted an in-depth study
of HIV-infected college students, uninfected college students, and uninfected
non-students to assess differences that might contribute to HIV risk. Of
the 53 black MSM who completed the survey, reported risk behavior was frequent
for all three groups. Forty percent of HIV-infected college students reported
unprotected anal intercourse with a casual sexual partner in the past year,
compared to 33 percent of uninfected college students and 25 percent of
uninfected non-students. Despite this risk behavior, only two participants
felt they were likely to contract HIV. The majority of study participants
reported meeting partners at gay night clubs and/or online. Researchers
noted that innovative HIV and STD prevention programs targeting young black
MSM, both in colleges and in the community, are urgently needed.
Tuberculosis Transmission in Multiple Correctional Facilities — Kansas, 2002-2003
Tuberculosis is a contagious respiratory disease. It is important to control tuberculosis in correctional facilities in order to keep inmates, correctional employees, and surrounding community members safe.
A recently published report in CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly
Report illustrates the need for all correctional facilities, no matter
how small, to have a plan to control tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a contagious
respiratory disease. It is important to control tuberculosis in correctional
facilities in order to keep inmates and correctional employees safe. It
may also lead to transmission of tuberculosis in surrounding communities.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have published guidelines
that can assist correctional facilities in creating a tuberculosis infection
Possible Dialysis-Related West Nile Virus Transmission — Georgia, 2003
Dialysis centers should adhere to strict infection control procedures
and be aware of the possibility of WNV transmission.
The Georgia Department of Human Resources, Division of Public Health investigated a possible transmission of West Nile Virus (WNV) through dialysis at a dialysis center. Two dialysis patients residing in the same neighborhood had confirmed human WNV disease. Both patients were dialyzed on the same day and on the same dialysis machine. A third patient was dialyzed between the two confirmed cases of WNV disease and that patient’s blood tests indicated WNV infection at some time in the past. The results of the investigation indicate that WNV may have been transmitted at the dialysis center but do not prove that this occurred. There were no obvious deficiencies in infection control procedures at the dialysis center, but to provide optimal protection against transmission of bloodborne pathogens, dialysis centers should carefully adhere to strict infection control procedures.
Illness Associated with Drift of Chloropicrin Soil Fumigant into a Residential Area — Kern County, California, 2003
Fumigants that drift from their intended target to residential areas can produce acute health effects among exposed residents. Measures can be taken to reduce the health risks from offsite drift of fumigants.
On October 3-4, 2003, a total of 165 persons became ill after chloropicrin drifted from a field where it was applied to a residential area in Kern County, California. Chloropicrin is the fourth most commonly used fumigant in California. Exposure to chloropicrin causes eye and respiratory tract irritation. This incident underscores the health risks associated with fumigants, the need to implement adequate containment measures to prevent similar incidents in the future, and the usefulness of procedures recently adopted in California to ensure both prompt identification of the nature and magnitude of exposure events, and timely information dissemination to residents, applicators, responders, and other sectors of the affected public.
West Nile Virus Activity — United States, August 11-17, 2004
No summary available.
This page last reviewed August 19, 2004
Disease Control and Prevention