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The MMWR is embargoed until Noon ET, Thursdays.
Synopsis for February 28, 2003
A first-time CDC report shows that as perinatally HIV-infected
children are surviving to adolescence, they are becoming sexually active
and, in some cases, pregnant.
Conducted in Puerto Rico, the assessment of eight perinatally infected adolescents and young adults with a history of pregnancy indicates no cases of mother-to-child HIV transmission to date. In comparison to eight perinatally infected females without a history of pregnancy, those who became pregnant learned of their HIV status slightly later than those who did not, and they were less likely to consistently use condoms although the differences were not statistically significant. While small, the study underscores that perinatally infected females are increasingly surviving to adolescence and adulthood and some are initiating sexual activity and becoming pregnant. These adolescents require tailored reproductive health interventions and support services.
Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Middle and High School Students Texas, 2001
Despite its known health hazards, secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure
among Texas youth is common.
The Texas Department of Health assessed SHS exposure among Texas public school students using data from the 2001 Texas Youth Tobacco Survey. Half of 8,687 middle-school students (grades 6-8) and two-thirds of 8,696 high-school students (grades 9-12) reported SHS exposure within the 7 days preceding the survey. Over 90% of students with social sources of SHS exposure (i.e., lived with a cigarette smoker and had at least one close friend who smokes) reported SHS exposure compared to 30% of students without any social sources of SHS exposure. Middle-school students who perceived SHS to be harmful to health were less likely to report SHS exposure.
Ambulance Crash-Related Injuries Among Emergency Medical Services Workers United States, 20002002
Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel on board ambulances need
more practical restraint systems for the patient compartments.
Ambulance crashes pose a real threat to EMS personnel. Although no complete national count of ambulance crashes exists, the total number of fatal crashes involving ambulances can be determined by using data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Standard ambulance restraints are often ineffective and may seldom be used by ambulance personnel. CDC is identifying and testing practical restraint alternatives to reduce injury risk to EMS workers.
Smallpox Vaccine Adverse Events among Civilians United States, February 1824, 2003
Summary Not Available.
This page last reviewed February 28, 2003
Disease Control and Prevention