CDC Publications

View selected CDC publications about marijuana use and health.





  • Clayton, H.B., et al. (2017). Health Risk Behaviors With Synthetic Cannabinoids Versus Marijuana. Pediatrics. 139(4). Pubmed abstractexternal icon
  • Schauer, G.L., B.A. King, and T.A. McAfee. (2017). Prevalence, correlates, and trends in tobacco use and cessation among current, former, and never adult marijuana users with a history of tobacco use, 2005-2014. Addict Behav. 73: p. 165-171. Pubmed abstractexternal icon
  • Thistle, J.E., et al. (2017). Marijuana use and serum testosterone concentrations among U.S. males. Andrology. 5(4): p. 732-738. Pubmed abstractexternal icon
  • Tsai, J., et al. (2017). Patterns of marijuana and tobacco use associated with suboptimal self-rated health among US adult ever users of marijuana. Prev Med Rep. 6: p. 251-257. Pubmed abstractexternal icon
  • Wilson, K.M., et al. (2017). Detecting biomarkers of secondhand marijuana smoke in young children. Pediatr Res. 81(4): p. 589-592. Pubmed abstractexternal icon


  • Azofeifa, A., Mattson, M. E., & Grant, A. (2016). Monitoring Marijuana Use in the United States: Challenges in an Evolving Environment. JAMA, 316(17), 1765-1766. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13696. PubMed abstractexternal icon.
  • Azofeifa, A., Mattson, M. E., Schauer, G., McAfee, T., Grant, A., & Lyerla, R. (2016). National Estimates of Marijuana Use and Related Indicators – National Survey on Drug Use and Health, United States, 2002-2014. MMWR Surveill Summ, 65(11), 1-28. doi:10.15585/mmwr.ss6511a1. PubMed abstractexternal icon.
  • Kennedy, S. M., Caraballo, R. S., Rolle, I. V., & Rock, V. J. (2016). Not Just Cigarettes: A More Comprehensive Look at Marijuana and Tobacco Use Among African American and White Youth and Young Adults. Nicotine Tob Res, 18 Suppl 1, S65-72. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntv202. PubMed abstractexternal icon.
  • Kennedy, S. M., Patel, R. P., Cheh, P., Hsia, J., & Rolle, I. V. (2016). Tobacco and Marijuana Initiation Among African American and White Young Adults. Nicotine Tob Res, 18 Suppl 1, S57-64. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntv194. PubMed abstractexternal icon.
  • Schauer GL, King BA, Bunnell RE, Promoff G, McAfee TA. Toking, vaping, and eating for health or fun: marijuana use patterns in adults, U.S. (2016) Am J Prev Med. 50(1):1-8. PubMed abstractexternal icon.
  • Singh, T., Kennedy, S. M., Sharapova, S. S., Schauer, G. L., & Rolle, I. V. (2016). Modes of ever marijuana use among adult tobacco users and non-tobacco users-Styles 2014. J Subst Use, 21(6), 631-635. doi:10.3109/14659891.2015.1122100. PubMed abstractexternal icon.
  • Wei, B., Alwis, K. U., Li, Z., Wang, L., Valentin-Blasini, L., Sosnoff, C. S., Blount, B. C. (2016). Urinary concentrations of PAH and VOC metabolites in marijuana users. Environ Int, 88, 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2015.12.003. PubMed abstractexternal icon.
  • Wilson, K. M., Torok, M. R., Wei, B., Wang, L., Robinson, M., Sosnoff, C. S., & Blount, B. C. (2016). Detecting biomarkers of secondhand marijuana smoke in young children. Pediatr Res. doi:10.1038/pr.2016.261. PubMed abstractexternal icon.


  • Ehrenreich H, Nahapetyan L, Orpinas P, Song X. Marijuana use from middle to high school: co-occurring problem behaviors, teacher-rated academic skills and sixth-grade predictors. (2015). J Youth Adolesc. 44(10):1929-1940. PubMed abstractexternal icon.
  • Hancock-Allen JB, Barker L, VanDyke M, Holmes DB. Notes from the field: death following ingestion of an edible marijuana product ― Colorado. (2015). MMWR. 64(28):771-772. PubMed abstractexternal icon.
  • Ko JY, Farr SL, Tong VT, Creanga AA, Callaghan WM. Prevalence and patterns of marijuana use among pregnant and nonpregnant women of reproductive age. (2015). Am J Obstet Gynecol. 213(2):201. PubMed abstractexternal icon.
  • Rolle IV, Kennedy SM, Agaku I, Jones SE, Bunnell R, Caraballo R, Xu X, Schauer G, McAfee T. Cigarette, Cigar, and Marijuana Use Among High School Students – United States, 1997-2013. (2015). MMWR. 64(40):1136-41. Pubmed Abstractexternal icon.
  • Lind, JN, Petersen EE, Lederer PA, et al. Infant and maternal characteristics in neonatal abstinence syndrome — selected hospitals in Florida, 2010–2011. (2015). MMWR. 64(8):213-216. PubMed abstractexternal icon.
  • Wei B, Wang L, Blount BC. Analysis of Cannabinoids and Their Metabolites in Human Urine. (2015). Anal Chem. 87(20):10183-7. Pubmed Abstractexternal icon.


  • Kahn L, Kinchen S, Shanklin SL, et al; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Youth risk behavior surveillance — United States, 2013.  (2014). MMWR. 63 Suppl 4:1-168. PubMed abstractexternal icon.


  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Inadvertent ingestion of marijuana — Los Angeles, California, 2009. (2009). MMWR. 58(34):947-950. PubMed abstractexternal icon.