Issue 30, July 30, 2012

Vol. 4, Issue: 30, 7/30/12

Coincident with the opening of the London Olympics, a major study of the role of physical inactivity on disease burden and life expectancy published in the Lancet by IM Leeexternal icon et al leads Science Clips featured articles this week. Another major chronic disease risk factor, smoking, is the subject of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Survey data analyzed by J Krugerexternal icon and colleagues.

Heredity and occupation, both of which can impact health, are the subject of feature articles. K Kolorexternal icon and collaborators assessed BRFSS data from four states and found that awareness of direct-to-consumer genomic testing has increased, although use of such tests remains low. Writing in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine, a CDC author group led by GM Calvertexternal icon identify industries and occupations with the highest prevalence of potentially hazardous exposures.

HIV and STI prevention issues, both global and local, account for several articles this week. A meta-analysis first authored by GA Millettexternal icon finds similar racial disparities in HIV and STI in both the US and the United Kingdom. L Gardnerexternal icon, writing with multiple co-authors, demonstrates improvement in primary care HIV clinic attendance through use of “low effort” targeted messages. Working with both CDC and non-CDC colleagues, HP Rodriguezexternal icon writes in the American Journal of Public Health that factors related to governance and service organization are associated with lower county-level STI rates.

Diverse globally-focused articles on vaccine-preventable diseases conclude the featured articles section for this week. The analysis by E Azziz-Baumgartnerexternal icon et al of seasonality, timing, and climate concludes that climate is a primary determinant of the timing of influenza epidemics worldwide. KR Nelsonexternal icon and CDC colleagues provide important “negative evidence” of the absence of mumps transmission related to international air travel over a four year period. A preliminary analysis of national surveillance data from Burkina Faso, led by RT Novakexternal icon, indicates that serogroup A meningococcal conjugate vaccine has substantially reduced the rate of meningitis on a population-wide basis.

John Iskander

Editor, Science Clips

Science Clips is a service of the Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library and CDC’s Office of the Chief Science Officer.

The Science Clips is in the public domain and may be freely forwarded and reproduced without permission. The original sources and the CDC Science Clips should be cited as sources. Articles featured in Science Clips may be in-press or uncorrected proofs.

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    The names of CDC authors are indicated in bold text.

  3. Public Health Articles Noted in the Media

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CDC Science Clips Production Staff

  • John Iskander, MD MPH, Editor
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DISCLAIMER: Articles listed in the CDC Science Clips are selected by the Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library to provide current awareness of the public health literature. An article’s inclusion does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article’s methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.

Page last reviewed: January 31, 2019