Issue 27, July 9, 2012

Vol. 4, Issue: 27, 7/9/12

The report consists of four components:

Diverse aspects of public health harms related to tobacco lead off this week’s featured articles. After conducting a field investigation of Green Tobacco Sickness in Brazil, P Bartholomayexternal icon and colleagues conclude that occupational health interventions are needed in tobacco-growing regions. In an analysis published in the American Journal of Public Health, MF Pesko, J Kruger and A Hylandexternal icon find that adult smokers vary in their use of price minimization strategies, such as purchasing cigarettes in states with lower prices.

Environmental factors-broadly defined- may be of harm or benefit to the individual and to public health. According to data from NHANES, C Ayalaexternal icon and colleagues note that adults with hypertension who attempt to reduce their sodium intake still have average sodium consumption well above recommended levels. While all-terrain vehicle (ATV) related deaths are increasing, data from JC Helmkampexternal icon and collaborators indicate that helmet-use requirements may be protective.

HIV and other bloodborne pathogens remain persistent concerns for both the public health and healthcare workforces. HIV posttest counseling either was not documented or did not occur in nearly half of more than 370,000 tests conducted at 24 health department STI clinics, according to E Begley and M Vanhandelexternal icon. The economics of HIV testing is addressed by PG Farnham, SL Sansom and AB Hutchinsonexternal icon, who write that screening for HIV is cost-effective across a range of testing costs. Inadequate response to exposure to bloodborne pathogens might increase risk for healthcare workers employed in dialysis facilities, according to a policy and practice assessment undertaken by C Mbaeyiexternal icon et al.

An infectious disease potpourri concludes Science Clips features for the week. An evaluation of the ArboNET surveillance system, led by NP Lindseyexternal icon, has resulted in technical improvements and revised case definitions. MH Diaz and JM Winchellexternal icon report development of real-time PCR for detection of the respiratory pathogens Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae. An investigation of use of the antibiotic metronidazole during pregnancy by CA Kossexternal icon et al reassuringly found no association with adverse birth outcomes.

John Iskander

Editor, Science Clips

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  1. Top Ten Articles of the Week
    Selected weekly by a senior CDC scientist from the standard sections listed below.

  2. CDC Authored Publications
    The names of CDC authors are indicated in bold text.
    Articles published in the past 6-8 weeks authored by CDC or ATSDR staff.

  3. Key Scientific Articles in Featured Topic Areas
    Subject matter experts decide what topic to feature, and articles are selected from the last 3 to 6 months of published literature. Key topic coincides monthly with other CDC products (e.g. Vital Signs).

  4. Public Health Articles Noted in the Media
    Articles about important public health topics that have been mentioned in the press.

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  • Rebecca Satterthwaite, MS, Librarian
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DISCLAIMER: Articles listed in the CDC Science Clips are selected by the Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library to provide current awareness of the public health literature. An article’s inclusion does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article’s methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.

Page last reviewed: January 31, 2019