Issue 28, July 12, 2022
CDC Science Clips: Volume 14, Issue 28, July 12, 2022
Science Clips is produced weekly to enhance awareness of emerging scientific knowledge for the public health community. Each article features an Altmetric Attention score to track social and mainstream media mentions.
- CDC Authored Publications
The names of CDC authors are indicated in bold text.
Articles published in the past 6-8 weeks authored by CDC or ATSDR staff.
- Antimicrobial Resistance and Antibiotic
Pediatric urgent care providers' approach to antibiotic stewardship: A national survey
Hamdy RF, Nedved A, Fung M, Fleming-Dutra KE, Liu CM, Obremskey J, Montalbano A.
Pediatr Emerg Care. 2022 Jun 28.
- Chronic Diseases and Conditions
Effect of the ABCA1 agonist CS-6253 on amyloid-β and lipoprotein metabolism in cynomolgus monkeys
Noveir SD, Kerman BE, Xian H, Meuret C, Smadi S, Martinez AE, Johansson J, Zetterberg H, Parks BA, Kuklenyik Z, Mack WJ, Johansson JO, Yassine HN.
Alzheimers Res Ther. 2022 Jun 24;14(1):87.
Risk of clear-cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina and cervix among US women with potential exposure to diethylstilbestrol in utero
White MC, Weir HK, Soman AV, Peipins LA, Thompson TD.
Cancer Causes Control. 2022 Jun 29.
- Communicable Diseases
Treatment of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children: Understanding differences in results of comparative effectiveness studies
Melgar M, Seaby EG, McArdle AJ, Young CC, Campbell AP, Murray NL, Patel MM, Levin M, Randolph AG, Son MB.
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2022 Jun 27.
From policy to practice: Uptake of pre-exposure prophylaxis among adolescent girls and young women in United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief-supported countries, 2017-2020
Patel P, Sato K, Bhandari N, Kanagasabai U, Schelar E, Cooney C, Eakle R, Klucking S, Toiv N, Saul J.
AIDS. 2022 Jun 15;36(Suppl 1):S15-s26.
The evolution of DREAMS: Using data for continuous program improvement
Saul J, Toiv N, Cooney C, Beamon T, Borgman M, Bachman G, Akom E, Benevides R, Limb A, Sato K, Achrekar A, Birx D.
AIDS. 2022 Jun 15;36(Suppl 1):S5-s14.
Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in the Mozambican population: a cross-sectional serologic study in three cities, July-August 2020
Arnaldo P, Mabunda N, Young PW, Tran T, Sitoe N, Chelene I, Nhanombe A, Isamael N, Júnior A, Cubula B, Inlamea OF, Gudo E, Jani IV.
Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Jun 24.
High community transmission of SARS-CoV-2 associated with decreased contact tracing effectiveness for identifying persons at elevated risk of infection - Vermont
Borah BF, Pringle J, Flaherty M, Oeltmann JE, Moonan PK, Kelso P.
Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Jun 24.
Increased mortality among persons with symptomatic COVID-19 during the period of SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617.2 (Delta Variant) predominance-Alaska, November 2020-October 2021
Mooring EQ, Newell K, Castrodale L, Tompkins M, Frank M, McLaughlin J.
Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Jun 29.
SARS-CoV-2 co-detection with influenza A and other respiratory viruses among school-aged children and their household members- March 12, 2020, to February 22, 2022, Dane County, Wisconsin
Temte JL, Barlow S, Temte E, Goss M, Bateman A, Florek K, Uzicanin A.
Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Jun 23.
The predictive value of macaque models of preexposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention
García-Lerma JG, McNicholl JM, Heneine W.
Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2022 Jul 1;17(4):179-185.
Mental health conditions and severe COVID-19 outcomes after hospitalization, United States
Koyama AK, Koumans EH, Sircar K, Lavery AM, Ko JY, Hsu J, Anderson KN, Siegel DA.
Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 Jul;28(7):1533-1536.
Trends in TB and HIV care and treatment cascade, Kenya, 2008-2018
Weyenga H, Onyango E, Katana AK, Pathmanathan I, Sidibe K, Shah NS, Ngugi EW, Waruingi RN, Ng Ang AL, De Cock KM.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2022 Jul 1;26(7):623-628.
HIV testing before and during the COVID-19 pandemic - United States, 2019-2020
DiNenno EA, Delaney KP, Pitasi MA, MacGowan R, Miles G, Dailey A, Courtenay-Quirk C, Byrd K, Thomas D, Brooks JT, Daskalakis D, Collins N.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Jun 24;71(25):820-824.
Hospitalization and emergency department encounters for COVID-19 after paxlovid treatment - California, December 2021-May 2022
Malden DE, Hong V, Lewin BJ, Ackerson BK, Lipsitch M, Lewnard JA, Tartof SY.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Jun 24;71(25):830-833.
Health impairments in children and adolescents after hospitalization for acute COVID-19 or MIS-C
Maddux AB, Berbert L, Young CC, Feldstein LR, Zambrano LD, Kucukak S, Newhams MM, Miller K, FitzGerald MM, He J, Halasa NB, Cvijanovich NZ, Loftis LL, Walker TC, Schwartz SP, Gertz SJ, Tarquinio KM, Fitzgerald JC, Kong M, Schuster JE, Mack EH, Hobbs CV, Rowan CM, Staat MA, Zinter MS, Irby K, Crandall H, Flori H, Cullimore ML, Nofziger RA, Shein SL, Gaspers MG, Hume JR, Levy ER, Chen SR, Patel MM, Tenforde MW, Weller E, Campbell AP, Randolph AG.
Pediatrics. 2022 Jun 29.
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on chlamydia and gonorrhea tests performed by a large national laboratory-United States, 2019 to 2020
Tao G, Dietz S, Hartnett KP, Jayanthi P, Gift TL.
Sex Transm Dis. 2022 Jul 1;49(7):490-496.
- Community Health Services
Use of a learning community to expand access to contraception
Estrich C, DeSisto CL, Uesugi K, Akbarali S, Pliska ES, Romero L, Cox S, Kroelinger CD, Velonis A.
Am J Public Health. 2022 Jun;112(S5):S523-s527.
Connecting the dots: Public health, clinical, and community connections to improve contraception access
Pliska ES, Barfield WD, Fraser MR.
Am J Public Health. 2022 Jun;112(S5):S508-s510.
- Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Services
What is anthrax?
Bower WA, Hendricks KA, Vieira AR, Traxler RM, Weiner Z, Lynfield R, Hoffmaster A.
Pathogens. 2022 Jun 16;11(6).
Fertility and contraception among women of reproductive age following a disaster: a scoping review
Strid P, Snead MC, Galang RR, Bish CL, Ellington SR.
Reprod Health. 2022 Jun 23;19(1):147.
- Environmental Health
Overcoming barriers to successful climate and health adaptation practice: Notes from the field
Mallen E, Joseph HA, McLaughlin M, English DQ, Olmedo C, Roach M, Tirdea C, Vargo J, Wolff M, York E.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jun 11;19(12).
Identification of effective control technologies for additive manufacturing
Plessis JD, Preez SD, Stefaniak AB.
J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev. 2022 Jun 26:1-39.
- Epidemiology and Surveillance
Estimating typhoid incidence from community-based serosurveys: a multicohort study
Aiemjoy K, Seidman JC, Saha S, Munira SJ, Islam Sajib MS, Sium SM, Sarkar A, Alam N, Zahan FN, Kabir MS, Tamrakar D, Vaidya K, Shrestha R, Shakya J, Katuwal N, Shrestha S, Yousafzai MT, Iqbal J, Dehraj IF, Ladak Y, Maria N, Adnan M, Pervaiz S, Carter AS, Longley AT, Fraser C, Ryan ET, Nodoushani A, Fasano A, Leonard MM, Kenyon V, Bogoch , Jeon HJ, Haselbeck A, Park SE, Zellweger RM, Marks F, Owusu-Dabo E, Adu-Sarkodie Y, Owusu M, Teunis P, Luby SP, Garrett DO, Qamar FN, Saha SK, Charles RC, Andrews JR.
Lancet Microbe. 2022 Jun 21.
- Genetics and Genomics
The clinical and genomic epidemiology of rhinovirus in homeless shelters-King County, Washington
Chow EJ, Casto AM, Roychoudhury P, Han PD, Xie H, Pfau B, Nguyen TV, Sereewit J, Rogers JH, Cox SN, Wolf CR, Rolfes MA, Mosites E, Uyeki TM, Greninger AL, Hughes JP, Shim MM, Sugg N, Duchin JS, Starita LM, Englund JA, Chu HY.
J Infect Dis. 2022 Jun 24.
Draft genome sequence of clostridium botulinum subtype bont/A5(B2')
Kruemmel AR, Halpin JL, Foltz V, Dykes J, Lúquez C.
Microbiol Resour Announc. 2022 Jun 27:e0034822.
Exogenous rubella virus capsid proteins enhance virus genome replication
Chen MH, Burns CC, Abernathy E, Ogee-Nwankwo AA, Icenogle JP.
Pathogens. 2022 Jun 14;11(6).
- Health Economics
Cost of primary care approaches for hypertension management and risk-based cardiovascular disease prevention in Bangladesh: a HEARTS costing tool application
Husain MJ, Haider MS, Tarannum R, Jubayer S, Bhuiyan MR, Kostova D, Moran AE, Choudhury SR.
BMJ Open. 2022 Jun 27;12(6):e061467.
Changes in valganciclovir use among infants with congenital cytomegalovirus diagnosis in the United States, 2009-2015 and 2016-2019
Leung J, Grosse SD, Hong K, Pesch MH, Lanzieri TM.
J Pediatr. 2022 Jul;246:274-278.e2.
- Health Equity and Health Disparities
Methods in HIV-related intersectional stigma research: Core elements and opportunities
Earnshaw VA, Jonathon Rendina H, Bauer GR, Bonett S, Bowleg L, Carter J, English D, Friedman MR, Hatzenbuehler ML, Johnson MO, McCree DH, Neilands TB, Quinn KG, Robles G, Scheim AI, Smith JC, Smith LR, Sprague L, Taggart T, Tsai AC, Turan B, Yang LH, Bauermeister JA, Kerrigan DL.
Am J Public Health. 2022 Jun;112(S4):S413-s419.
A social vulnerability framework to identify and assist with environmental injustice
Am J Public Health. 2022 Jun 23:e1-e3.
Invasive meningococcal disease among people experiencing homelessness-United States, 2016-2019
Rudmann KC, Brown NE, Blain A, Burns M, Ramsey A, Las Nueces D, Martin T, Barnes M, Davizon ES, Retchless AC, Potts C, Wang X, Hariri S, McNamara LA.
J Infect Dis. 2022 Jun 24.
Racial and ethnic differences in COVID-19 hospitalizations by metropolitan status among Medicare beneficiaries, 1 January-31 December 2020
Chang MH, Moonesinghe R, Truman BI.
J Public Health (Oxf). 2022 Jun 27;44(2):e211-e220.
Regional differences in mortality rates and characteristics of decedents with hepatitis B listed as a cause of death, United States, 2000-2019
Ly KN, Yin S, Spradling PR.
JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Jun 1;5(6):e2219170.
Dispensing of oral antiviral drugs for treatment of COVID-19 by zip code-level social vulnerability - United States, December 23, 2021-May 21, 2022
Gold JA, Kelleher J, Magid J, Jackson BR, Pennini ME, Kushner D, Weston EJ, Rasulnia B, Kuwabara S, Bennett K, Mahon BE, Patel A, Auerbach J.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Jun 24;71(25):825-829.
- Immunity and Immunization
Effectiveness of COVID-19 mRNA vaccines against infection during an outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 Beta (B.1.351) variant in a skilled nursing facility - Virginia, March-April 2021
Moline HL, Keaton A, Rice W, Varghese J, Deng L, Waters A, Barringer A, Winston D, Fields V, Slifka KJ, Verani JR, Schrag SJ, Jernigan J, Tate JE, Fleming-Dutra KE.
Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Jun 27.
COVID-19 vaccination coverage, intentions, attitudes and barriers by race/ethnicity, language of interview, and nativity, National Immunization Survey Adult COVID Module, April 22, 2021-January 29, 2022
Ohlsen EC, Yankey D, Pezzi C, Kriss JL, Lu PJ, Hung MC, Bernabe MI, Kumar GS, Jentes E, Elam-Evans LD, Jackson H, Black CL, Singleton JA, Ladva CN, Abad N, Lainz AR.
Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Jun 23.
An immunoinformatics prediction of novel multi-epitope vaccines candidate against surface antigens of Nipah virus
Rahman MM, Puspo JA, Adib AA, Hossain ME, Alam MM, Sultana S, Islam A, Klena JD, Montgomery JM, Satter SM, Shirin T, Rahman MZ.
Int J Pept Res Ther. 2022 ;28(4):123.
Myocarditis or pericarditis following mRNA COVID-19 vaccination
Weintraub ES, Oster ME, Klein NP.
JAMA Netw Open. 2022 Jun 1;5(6):e2218512.
Efficacy of RTS,S/AS01(E) malaria vaccine administered according to different full, fractional, and delayed third or early fourth dose regimens in children aged 5-17 months in Ghana and Kenya: an open-label, phase 2b, randomised controlled trial
Samuels AM, Ansong D, Kariuki SK, Adjei S, Bollaerts A, Ockenhouse C, Westercamp N, Lee CK, Schuerman L, Bii DK, Osei-Tutu L, Oneko M, Lievens M, Attobrah Sarfo MA, Atieno C, Morelle D, Bakari A, Sang T, Jongert E, Kotoh-Mortty MF, Otieno K, Roman F, Buabeng PB, Ntiamoah Y, Ofori-Anyinam O, Agbenyega T.
Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Jun 23.
Genetic background of Cambodian pneumococcal carriage isolates following pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13
Belman S, Soeng S, Soputhy C, Gladstone R, Hawkins PA, Breiman RF, McGee L, Bentley SD, Lo SW, Turner P.
Microb Genom. 2022 Jun;8(6).
Population genomics of pneumococcal carriage in South Africa following the introduction of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) immunization
Javaid N, Olwagen C, Nzenze S, Hawkins P, Gladstone R, McGee L, Breiman RF, Bentley SD, Madhi SA, Lo S.
Microb Genom. 2022 Jun;8(6).
Factors associated with human papillomavirus and meningococcal vaccination among adolescents living in rural and urban areas
Boyce TG, Christianson B, Hanson KE, Dunn D, Polter E, VanWormer JJ, Williams CL, Belongia EA, McLean HQ.
Vaccine X. 2022 Aug;11:100180.
A methodological assessment of privacy preserving record linkage using survey and administrative data
Mirel LB, Resnick DM, Aram J, Cox CS.
Stat J IAOS. 2022 ;38(2):413-421.
- Injury and Violence
Community health worker activities in public health programs to prevent violence: Coding roles and scope
Barbero C, Hafeedh Bin Abdullah A, Wiggins N, Garrettson M, Jones D, S. Guinn A, Girod C, Bradford J, Wennerstrom A.
Am J Public Health. 2022 Jun 23:e1-e11.
Observing pedestrian-vehicle traffic conflicts in school zones to evaluate the effectiveness of road safety interventions and reduce injuries in Ghana, Vietnam, and Mexico, 2019-2021
Swanson JM, Draisin N, Krasnolucka A, Vadillo C, Medina S, Pérez B, Kalolo S, Quyen BN, Minh VN, Sauber-Schatz E.
J Inj Violence Res. 2022 Jun 26;14(3).
Mixed methods community-engaged evaluation: Integrating interventionist and action research frameworks to understand a community-building violence prevention program
Banyard VL, Edwards KM, Rizzo AJ, Segura-Montagut A, Greenberg P, Kearns MC.
J Mix Methods Res. 2022 .
Pathways to suicide or collections of vicious cycles? Understanding the complexity of suicide through causal mapping
Giabbanelli PJ, Rice KL, Galgoczy MC, Nataraj N, Brown MM, Harper CR, Nguyen MD, Foy R.
Soc Netw Anal Min. 2022 ;12(1).
- Laboratory Sciences
Enhancing accreditation outcomes for medical laboratories on the Strengthening Laboratory Management Toward Accreditation programme in Kenya via a rapid results initiative
Makokha EP, Ondondo RO, Kimani DK, Gachuki T, Basiye F, Njeru M, Junghae M, Downer M, Umuro M, Mburu M, Mwangi J.
Afr J Lab Med. 2022 ;11(1):1614.
Acceptability and experiences with the use of 3D scans to measure anthropometry of young children in surveys and surveillance systems from the perspective of field teams and caregivers
Jefferds ME, Mei Z, Palmieri M, Mesarina K, Onyango D, Mwando R, Akelo V, Liu J, Zhou Y, Meng Y, Bougma K.
Curr Dev Nutr. 2022 Jun;6(6):nzac085.
Multiplex serology for measurement of IgG antibodies against eleven infectious diseases in a national serosurvey: Haiti 2014-2015
Chan Y, Martin D, Mace KE, Jean SE, Stresman G, Drakeley C, Chang MA, Lemoine JF, Udhayakumar V, Lammie PJ, Priest JW, Rogier EW.
Front Public Health. 2022 ;10:897013.
Mitigating matrix effects in LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis of a urinary biomarker of xylenes exposure
Bowman BA, Ejzak E, Reese CM, Blount BC, Bhandari D.
J Anal Toxicol. 2022 Jun 29.
Risk-based cervical consensus guidelines: Methods to determine management if less than 5 years of data are available
Egemen D, Perkins RB, Clarke MA, Guido R, Huh W, Saraiya M, Saslow D, Smith R, Unger ER, Garcia F, Wentzensen N, Cheung LC.
J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2022 Jul 1;26(3):195-201.
- Nutritional Sciences
Anemia among pregnant women participating in the special Supplemental Nutrition Program For Women, Infants, And Children - United States, 2008-2018
Kanu FA, Hamner HC, Scanlon KS, Sharma AJ.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022 Jun 24;71(25):813-819.
Association of urinary phthalate and phthalate replacement metabolite concentrations with serum lipid biomarker levels among pregnant women attending a fertility center
Mínguez-Alarcón L, Williams PL, James-Todd T, Souter I, Ford JB, Rexrode KM, Calafat AM, Hauser R, Chavarro JE.
Toxics. 2022 May 28;10(6).
- Occupational Safety and Health
Monitoring laboratory occupational exposures to Burkholderia pseudomallei
Clay LA, Straub KW, Adrianos SL, Daniels J, Blackwell JL, Bryant LT, McClee V, Green JA, Edwin SS.
Appl Biosaf. 2022 ;27(2):84-91.
Determinants of task-based exposures to alpha-diketones in coffee roasting and packaging facilities using a Bayesian model averaging approach
Blackley BH, Groth CP, Cox-Ganser JM, Fortner AR, LeBouf RF, Liang X, Virji MA.
Front Public Health. 2022 ;10:878907.
Applying translational science approaches to protect workers exposed to nanomaterials
Schulte PA, Guerin RJ, Cunningham TR, Hodson L, Murashov V, Rabin BA.
Front Public Health. 2022 ;10:816578.
Results of the 2019 survey of engineered nanomaterial occupational health and safety practices
Neu-Baker NM, Eastlake A, Hodson L.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jul;19(13):7676.
Industry-specific prevalence of elevated blood lead levels among Pennsylvania workers, 2007-2018
Tsai RJ, Lu JW, Henn SA, Hasanali SH, Harduar-Morano L, Nair A.
Occup Environ Med. 2022 Jun 23.
The CDC Worksite Health ScoreCard: A tool to advance workplace health promotion programs and practices
Roemer EC, Kent KB, Goetzel RZ, Krill J, Williams FS, Lang JE.
Prev Chronic Dis. 2022 Jun 23;19:E32.
Engineering controls for respirable crystalline silica hazards: investigations by NIOSH's Engineering and Physical Hazards Branch
Alexander BM, Echt A, Qi C, Hammond D, Garcia A.
Synergist. 2022 Apr;33(4):20-25.
Biological effects of inhaled crude oil vapor V. Altered biogenic amine neurotransmitters and neural protein expression
Sriram K, Lin GX, Jefferson AM, McKinney W, Jackson MC, Cumpston JL, Cumpston JB, Leonard HD, Kashon ML, Fedan JS.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2022 Jun 21;449:116137.
- Occupational Safety and Health - Mining
A discrete fracture network model for prediction of longwall-induced permeability
Ajayi KM, Khademian Z, Schatzel SJ, Watkins E, Gangrade V.
Min Metall Explor. 2022 .
Rockmass permeability induced by longwall mining under deep cover: Potential gas inflow from a sheared gas well
Khademian Z, Ajayi KM, Schatzel SJ, Esterhuizen GS, Kim BH.
Min Metall Explor. 2022 .
- Parasitic Diseases
Screening strategies and laboratory assays to support Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein deletion surveillance: where we are and what is needed
Beshir KB, Parr JB, Cunningham J, Cheng Q, Rogier E.
Malar J. 2022 Jun 24;21(1):201.
- Public Health Leadership and Management
Vaccines, variants, and vigilance: Strengthening the COVID-19 public health response through partnerships and collaborations
Kutty PK, Stuckey MJ, Koumans EH.
Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Jun 24.
How I came to write papers for clinicians in the late 1980s about improving the quality of reviews
J R Soc Med. 2022 Jul;115(7):273-275.
- Substance Use and Abuse
Factors associated with exchange sex among cisgender persons who inject drugs: Women and MSM-23 U.S. cities, 2018
Rushmore J, Buchacz K, Broz D, Agnew-Brune CB, Jones ML, Cha S.
AIDS Behav. 2022 Jun 25.
Vaccination barriers and opportunities at syringe services programs in the United States, June-August 2021-A cross-sectional survey
Montgomery MP, Zhong Y, Roberts E, Asher A, Bixler D, Doshani M, Christensen A, Eckert M, Weng MK, Carry M, Samuel CR, Teshale EH.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2022 Jun 16;237:109540.
Prevalence and types of drugs used among hepatitis A patients during outbreaks associated with person-to-person transmission, Kentucky, Michigan, and West Virginia, 2016-2019
Hofmeister MG, Asher A, Jones CM, Augustine RJ, Burkholder C, Collins J, Foster MA, McBee S, Thoroughman D, Thomasson ED, Weng MK, Spradling PR.
J Appalach Health. 2022 ;4(1):51-60.
- Telehealth and Telemedicine
Positive Health Check intervention tool usage during a feasibility pilot in HIV primary care clinics
Galindo CA, Freeman A, Abdallah I, Courtenay-Quirk C.
AIDS Care. 2022 Jun 28:1-6.
Telehealth expansion during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond
Demeke HB, Umeakunne E.
Am J Nurs. 2022 Jul 1;122(7):23-25.
- Zoonotic and Vectorborne Diseases
Molecular characterization of a novel relapsing fever Borrelia species from the desert cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii) in New Mexico, USA
Goodrich I, McKee C, Margos G, Kosoy M.
J Wildl Dis. 2022 Jun 23.
Histopathologic and immunohistochemical evaluation of induced lesions, tissue tropism and host responses following experimental infection of Egyptian rousette bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) with the zoonotic paramyxovirus, Sosuga virus
Kirejczyk SG, Amman BR, Schuh AJ, Sealy TK, Albariño CG, Zhang J, Brown CC, Towner JS.
Viruses. 2022 Jun 12;14(6).
- Antimicrobial Resistance and Antibiotic Stewardship
DISCLAIMER: Articles listed in the CDC Science Clips are selected by the Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library to provide current awareness of the public health literature. An article's inclusion does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.