Fact Sheets


Fact Sheet for Clinicians

Leptospirosis Fact Sheet for Clinicians contains information about the background, transmission, clinical findings, treatment, laboratory testing, sample submission, prevention, surveillance, and reporting of leptospirosis. The fact sheet is available in English and Spanish.

Advice for Clinicians and Travelers


EID Articles

MMWR Articles


Reference Articles

  • Guerra MA. Leptospirosis. J Am Vet Med Assoc. Feb 15 2009;234(4):472-478 (430).
  • Levett PN. Leptospira and Leptonema. In: Murray PR, Baron EJ, Pfaller MA, Tenover FC, Yolken H, eds. Manual of clinical microbiology. 8th ed. Washington, DC, ASM Press, 2003 (in press).
  • Levett PN. Leptospirosis. Clin Microbiol Rev 2001; 14: 296-326.
  • Tappero JW, Ashford DA, Perkins BA. Leptospirosis. In: Mandell GL, Bennet JE, Dolin R, eds. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. Fifth Edition. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 2000: 2495-2501.

Outbreak Investigations

  • Stern E, Galloway R, Shadomy S, Wannemuehler K, Atrubin D, Blackmore C, Wofford T, Wilkins P, Ari M, Harris L, Clark T. (2010) Outbreak of Leptospirosis among Adventure Race Participants in Florida, 2005. Clinical Infectious Diseases; 50: 843-849.
  • Sejvar J, Bancroft E., Winthrop K, et al. Leptospirosis in “Eco-Challenge” athletes, Malaysian Borneo, 2000. Emerg Infect Dis 2003; 9: 702-707.

Laboratory Submissions

Find out more about laboratory submissions by visiting the Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch Laboratory Submissions.