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List of Causes Used in Leading Causes of Death and Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) Reports

The following is a list of terms describing the causes of death that are used in producing the Leading Causes of Death Reports as well as the Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) Reports of WISQARS. Since space is limited in the reports some terms had to be shortened. But in doing so some of the meaning may have been lost as a result. This table shows the term used in the WISQARS report, and its complete term, as well as the associated ICD-10 codes used to define it. For more information, please see National Vital Statistics Report Deaths: Leading Causes for 1999Cdc-pdf[PDF - 917 KB] (Volume 49 Number 11).

This table is in two parts: the following is for all ages, another table exists for causes related specifically to infants (those less than 1 year old).

Note: Not all causes will appear on all reports. Some causes will not have enough deaths to be included in some reports.

All Ages

All ages list of causes of death that are used in producing the Leading Causes of Death Reports as well as the Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) Reports and the associated ICD-10 codes.
WISQARS Term Complete Term ICD-10 Codes
Acute bronchitis Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis J20-J21
Acute poliomyelitis Acute poliomyelitis A80
Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer’s disease G30
Anemia Anemia D50-D64
Aortic aneurysm Aortic aneurysm and dissection I71
Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis I70
Benign neoplasm In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior

D00-D48

Bronchitis, emphysema, asthma Chronic lower respiratory diseases J40-J47
Cerebrovascular Cerebrovascular diseases I60-I69
Complicated pregnancy Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium O00-O99
Congenital anomalies Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities Q00-Q99
Diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus E10-E14
Diseases of appendix Diseases of appendix K35-K38
Gallbladder disorders Cholelithiasis and other disorders of gallbladder K80-K82
Heart disease Diseases of heart I00-I09,I11, I13, I20-I51
Hernia Hernia K40-K46
HIV Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease B20-B24
Homicide Assault (homicide) X85-X90,Y87.1
Hyperplasia of prostate Hyperplasia of prostate N40
Hypertension Essential (primary) hypertension and hypertensive renal disease

I10,I12

Influenza and pneumonia Influenza and pneumonia J10-J18
Kidney infections Infections of kidney N10-N12,

N13.6,N15.1

Liver disease Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis K70,K73-K74
Malaria Malaria B50-54
Malignant neoplasms Malignant neoplasms C00-C97
Measles Measles B05
Meningitis Meningitis G00,G03
Meningococcal infection Meningococcal infection A39
Nephritis Nephritis, nephrotic syndrom and nephrosis N00-N07,N17-N19,

N25-N27

Nutritional deficiencies Nutritional deficiencies E40-E64
Parkinson=s disease Parkinson=s disease G20-G21
Pelvic inflammatory disease Inflammatory diseases of female pelvic organs N70-N76
Peptic ulcer Peptic ulcer K25-K28
Perinatal period Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period

P00-P96

Pneumoconioses Pneumoconioses and chemical effects J60-J66,J68
Pneumonitis Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids J69
Salmonella infections Salmonella infections A01-A02
Scarlet fever Scarlet fever and erysipelas A38,A46
Septicemia Septicemia A40-A41
Shigellosis Shigellosis and amebiasis A03,A06
Suicide Intentional self-harm (suicide) X60-X84,X87.0
Syphillis Syphillis A50-A53
Unintentional Injuries Accidents (unintentional injuries) V01-X59, Y85-Y86
Viral encephalitis Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis A83-A84,A85.2
Viral hepatitis Viral hepatitis B15-B19
Whooping cough Whooping cough A37

Infants (those less than 1 year of age)

A list of causes of death specific to infants (less than 1 year of age) that are used in producing the Leading Causes of Death Reports as well as the Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) Reports and the associated ICD-10 codes.
WISQARS Term NCHS Term ICD-10 Codes
Acute bronchitis Acute bronchitis and acute bronchiolitis J20-J21
Acute poliomyelitis Acute poliomyelitis A80
Anoxic brain damage Anoxic brain damage, not elsewhere classified G93.1
Asthma Asthma J45-J46
Atelectasis Atelectasis P28.0-P28.1
Bacterial sepsis Bacterial sepsis of newborn P36
Benign neoplasms In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior D00-D48
Birth trauma Birth trauma P10-P15
Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified J40-J42
Candidiasis Candidiasis B37
Chronic respiratory disease Chronic respiratory disease originating in the perinatal period

P27

Circulatory system disease Diseases of the circulatory system I00-I99
Congenital anomalies Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities

Q00-Q99

Congenital pneumonia Congenital pneumonia P23
Congenital syphillis Congenital syphillis A50
Cystic fibrosis Cystic fibrosis E84
Diarrhea Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of infection origin A09
Diptheria Diptheria A36
Diseases of the blood Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism

D50-D89

Ear & mastoid process diseases Diseases of the ear and mastoid process H60-H93
Gastritis Gastritis, duodenitis, and noninfective enteritis and colitis

K29,K50-K55

Gonococcal infection Gonococcal infection A54
Hematological disorders Hematological disorders P60-P61
Hemolytic disease Hemolytic disease of newborn due to isoimmunization and other perinatal jaundice

P55-P59

Hemorrhagic disease Hemorrhagic disease of newborn P53
Hernia and intentional obstruction Hernia of abdominal cavity and intestinal obstruction without hernia

K40-K46,K56

HIV Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease B20-B24
Homicide Assault (homicide) X85-Y09,Y87.1
Hydrops fetalis Hydrops fetalis not due to hemolytic disease P83.2
Infantile cerebral palsy Infantile cerebral palsy G80
Influenza and pneumonia Influenza and pneumonia J10-J18
Interstitial emphasema Interstitial emphysema and related conditions originating in the perinatal period

P25

Intrauterine hypoxia Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia P20-P21
Intravascular imbalance Volume depletion, disorders of fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance

E86-E87

Labor/delivery complications Newborn affected by other complications of labor and delivery

P03

Long gestation Disorders related to long gestation and high birth weight P08
Malaria Malaria B50-B54
Malignant neoplasms Malignant neoplasms C00-C97
Maternal Complications Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy

P01

Maternal hypertensive disorders Newborn affected by maternal hypertensive disorders

P00.0

Maternal toxic substance Newborn affected by noxious influences transmitted via placenta or breast milk

P04

Measles Measles B05
Meningitis Meningitis G00,G03
Meningococcal infection Meningococcal infection A39
Mumps Mumps B26
Necrotizing Enterocolitis Necrotizing enterocolitis of newborn P77
Neonatal aspiration syndromes Neonatal aspiration syndromes P24
Neonatal diabetes mellitus Syndrome of infant of a diabetic mother and neonatal diabetes mellitus

P70.0-P70.2

Neonatal hemorrhage Neonatal hemorrhage P50-P52,P54
Nutritional deficiencies Malnutrition and other nutritional deficiencies E40-E64
Omphalitis of newborn Omphalitis of newborn with or without mild hemorrhage P38
Othr Maternal Conditions Newborn affected by other maternal conditions which may be unrelated to present pregnancy

P00.1-P00.9

Placenta, cord, membranes Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord and membranes

P02

Pneumocystosis Pneumocystosis B59
Pneumonitis Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids J69
Pulmonary hemorage Pulmonary hemorrhage originating in the perinatal period

P26

Renal failure Renal failure and other disorders of kidney N17-N19,N25,N27
Respiratory distress Respiratory distress of newborn P22
Septicemia Septicemia A40-A41
Short gestation Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified P07
Short stature, NEC Short stature, not elsewhere classified E34.3
SIDS Sudden infant death syndrome R95
Slow fetal growth and fetal malnutrition Slow fetal growth P05
Spinal muscular atrophy Infantile spinal muscular atrophy, type I (Werdnig-Hoffman) G12.0
Tetanus Tetanus A33,A35
Tuberculosis Tuberculosis A16-A19
Unintentional injuries Accidents (unintentional injuries) V01-X59
Upper respiratory infections Acute upper respiratory infections J00-J06
Varicella (chicken pox) Varicella (chicken pox) B01
Whooping cough Whooping cough A37