Awarded New Investigator/Doctoral Dissertation Grant
It is well documented that survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) face significant health, social and economic consequences. Given the scope and toll of IPV on survivors and society, empirically supported interventions are greatly needed. The scientific knowledge base regarding interventions to prevent IPV and reduce its negative impact is still developing, but the complex etiology and social ecology of intimate partner violence suggests that a range of interventions in diverse, non-traditional settings such as the workplace are needed to prevent IPV and to minimize its negative consequences.
The proposed study will examine workplace support match congruency in relationships between abused women and their supervisors. Specific Aim 1: To determine if the woman’s race/ethnicity, supervisor race/ethnicity, woman/supervisor race/ethnicity match, supervisor gender and workplace gender composition are associated with the match between type of social support an abused woman wants and receives from her supervisor. Specific Aim 2: To determine if the match between the type of social support the woman wants and receives from her supervisor is associated to work-related outcomes (e.g. hours worked, voluntary turnover, job termination, withdrawal behaviors) through examining:
A cross-sectional survey will be administered in face-to-face interviews with 100 employed, abused women. Regression analyses will demonstrate the relative contribution of supervisor support match, general supervisor support, relationship quality and demographic variables on abused women’s work-related outcomes of hours worked in the past year, voluntary turnover, job termination and work withdrawal. These analyses will inform the development of a workplace intervention targeted at supervisors that will include a culturally sensitive component for Latinas. Results will be interpreted in light of theory on social support, supervisor support and leader-member exchange.