Awarded Cooperative Agreement to Prevent Violence and Violence-Related Injury
The project proposes to broaden data collection to include an extensive and intensive investigation of how various community and cultural factors influence risk for youth violence.
Most research on contextual effects has been limited to residential neighborhoods. Although this may be appropriate for young children, it does not capture the rich set of contexts that influences adolescents. This study will assess residential neighborhoods, the area surrounding the target adolescent’s favorite hangout, best friend’s residence, and school. To assess these contexts, it will use a multiple method approach (geocoding/GIS mapping, observer ratings, adolescent/caretaker reports). The plan is to test a variety of models for (1) the important pathways whereby the four community contexts promote the risk of violence (e.g., discrimination, hostile view of relationships, code of the street) and (2) the factors that moderate or disrupt these pathways (e.g., collective socialization, parenting practices, racial socialization).