Final Rule on Regulations for the Importation of Nonhuman Primates

Nonhuman primates (NHPs) may carry infectious diseases that are dangerous and sometimes fatal to humans. These infections include those caused by Shigella, Salmonella, Ebola virus, herpes B virus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (which cause tuberculosis, or TB), yellow fever virus, and many others. People working in temporary and long-term NHP holding facilities and those involved in transporting NHPs (e.g., cargo handlers and inspectors) are especially at risk for infection.

In 1975, CDC developed the federal regulation 42 Code of Federal Regulations Part 71.53, regarding the importation of NHPs into the United States to address the health risk these animals pose to humans. Since October 10, 1975, CDC has prohibited the importation of NHPs except for scientific, educational, or exhibition purposes. Over time, CDC has issued guidance (e.g., reports, letters, and guidelines) to supplement these regulations and to manage the importation of NHPs. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and CDC are updating the regulations to consolidate and formalize these measures.

This final rule incorporates public comment and feedback on the issue of NHP importation. Please see the docket detailsexternal icon for more information or view as a PDF file pdf icon[PDF – 4 pages]external icon. The final rule is effective beginning April 16, 2013.