Nutrition Indicators

Burmese Refugee Health Profile

Refugees from Myanmar are susceptible to acute and severe undernutrition, presenting as marasmus and kwashiorkor, as well as cachexia, chronic undernutrition, and micronutrient deficiencies 5. High rates of acute and chronic malnutrition are not well-documented, but are likely true because over 40% of Burmese children younger than age 5 in western Myanmar are stunted and one-third are underweight 12. In 2003, 72% of children from Myanmar had anemia, compared to 49% for children younger than age 5 in the rest of Southeast Asia 13.


  1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Background on Potential Health Issues for Burmese Refugees. 2010 [cited 2011 June 24]; Available from: www.globalhealth.govExternal
  2. Sollom, R., et al., Health and human rights in Chin State, Western Burma: a population-based assessment using multistaged household cluster sampling. PLoS Med, 2011. 8(2): p. e1001007.
  3. Stover, E., et al., The Gathering Storm: Infectious Diseases and Human Rights in Burma. 2007, Human Rights Center, University of California-Berkeley, and Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.