CDC Immigration Requirements: Introduction and Background to the Technical Instructions
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), United States Public Health Service (PHS), is responsible for ensuring that aliens entering the United States do not pose a threat to the public health of this country. The medical examination required by CDC regulations is a means of evaluating the health of aliens applying for entry into the United States.
These instructions are in accordance with CDC regulations and are for the use of civil surgeons evaluating aliens applying for adjustment of status to permanent resident and others required by law to have a medical examination, hereafter referred to as “applicants.”
Applicants must undergo a physical and mental examination as part of the application process. The purpose of the medical examination is to identify the presence or absence of certain disorders that could result in exclusion from the United States under the provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
Role of the Civil Surgeon
Civil surgeons must follow specific identification procedures, prescribed by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), to ensure that the person appearing for the medical examination is the person who is actually applying. The civil surgeon is responsible for the entire examination, including chest radiographs, when required, and necessary laboratory procedures. The civil surgeon is also responsible for reporting the results of all the required tests and consultations on the prescribed forms. The civil surgeon is not responsible for determining whether an applicant is actually eligible to adjust their status; that determination is made by the DHS officer after reviewing all records, including the report of the medical examination.