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Diseases and Vaccines Included

Make-shift shelters serve as homes for refugees in Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya

Make-shift shelters serve as homes for refugees in Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya

Communicable Diseases of Public Health Significance

These currently include:

  1. Tuberculosis
  2. Syphilis
  3. Gonorrhea
  4. Hansen’s Disease (Leprosy)

And the following two disease categories–

  • Quarantinable diseases designated by any Presidential Executive Order. Current diseases include: cholera, diphtheria, infectious tuberculosis, plague, smallpox, yellow fever, viral hemorrhagic fevers, severe acute respiratory syndromes, and influenza caused by novel or re-emergent influenza (pandemic flu).
  • Events that are reportable as a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) to the World Health Organization (WHO) under the International Health Regulations (IHR) of 2005 (currently polio, smallpox, SARS, influenza, and other public health emergencies of international concern.)
Women waiting on a bench at Al-Arafa clinic. Child appears in front of the shot

Women waiting on a bench at Al-Arafa clinic

Vaccine-Preventable Diseases

These currently include:

  1. Mumps
  2. Measles
  3. Rubella
  4. Polio
  5. Tetanus
  6. Diphtheria
  7. Pertussis
  8. Haemophilus influenzae Type B
  9. Rotavirus
  10. Hepatitis A
  11. Hepatitis B
  12. Meningocococcal disease
  13. Varicella
  14. Pneumococcal pneumonia
  15. Influenza

Other vaccinations against vaccine-preventable diseases recommended by the Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices currently include rotavirus, hepatitis A, meningococcal disease, varicella, pneumococcal pneumonia, and influenza. Note that each set of Technical Instructions for medical examination of aliens has an addendum regarding the vaccination requirements for immigrants.