Cancers Caused by HPV Are Preventable
All 11–12-year-olds need two doses of HPV vaccine to protect against infections that can cause some cancers later in life.
Every year in the United States, 36,500 people (including women and men) are estimated to be diagnosed with a cancer caused by HPV infection. Although cervical cancer is the most well-known of the cancers caused by HPV, there are other types of cancer caused by HPV.
HPV vaccination could prevent more than 90% of cancers caused by HPV from ever developing. This is an estimated 33,700 cases in the United States every year.
Cervical cancer is the only type of cancer caused by HPV with a recommended screening test for detection at an early stage. The other cancers may not be detected until they cause health problems.
Even with screening, HPV causes 11,000 cases of cervical cancer each year in the United States. Every year, 4,000 women die of cervical cancer.
There are an estimated 196,000 cervical precancer cases each year in the United States. Treatment for cervical cancers and precancers may sometimes limit a person’s ability to have children.
Every year in the United States, there are:
14,000 people with oropharyngeal cancer
6,500 people with anal cancer
3,500 people with vulvar & vaginal cancer
900 people with penile cancer
Recommended cancer screening tests are not available yet for these cancers. These cancers may not be detected until they cause serious health problems.