Currently there is only one home HIV test available in the United States, the OraQuick In-home HIV test. If you buy any home test online make sure the HIV test is FDA-approved.
The OraQuick In-Home HIV Test provides rapid results in the home. The testing procedure involves swabbing your mouth for an oral fluid sample and using a kit to test it. Results are available in 20 minutes. If you test positive, you will need a follow-up test. The manufacturer provides confidential counseling and referral to follow-up testing sites. Because the level of antibody in oral fluid is lower than it is in blood, oral fluid tests find infection later after exposure than do blood tests. Up to 1 in 12 infected people may test false-negative with this test.
The Home Access HIV-1 Test System was a home collection kit, available for purchase through December 2018. Effective January 1, 2019, Home Access will no longer be selling the HIV-1 Test Service, however they will continue to test finger stick blood specimens associated with the HIV-1 Test Service through March 31, 2019.
- Myers JE, El-sadr WM, Zerbe A, Branson, BM. Rapid HIV self-testing: long in coming but opportunities beckon. AIDS. 2013;27(11):1687-95.
- Masciotra S, Luo W, Youngpairoj AeS, Kennedy SM, Wells S, Ambrose K, Sprinkle P, Owen MS. Performance of the Alere Determine HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab Combo Rapid Test with specimens from HIV-1 seroconverters from the US and HIV-2 infected individuals from Ivory Coast. J Clin Virol. 2013;58(suppl.1):e54-e58.
- Luo W, Masciotra S, Delaney KP, Charurat M, Croxton T, Constantine N, Blattner W, Wesolowski L, Owen SM. Comparison of HIV oral fluid and plasma antibody results during early infection in a longitudinal Nigerian cohort. J Clin Virol 2013;58(Suppl 1): e113-e118.
- Page last reviewed: February 22, 2019
- Page last updated: February 22, 2019
- Content source: Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention