HIV Testing in Clinical Settings
- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen adolescents and adults ages 15 to 65 years for HIV infection.
- CDC recommends that individuals get tested at least once in their lifetimes and those with risk factors get tested more frequently. A general rule for those with risk factors is to get tested at least annually.
- CDC has recently reported that sexually active gay and bisexual men may benefit from getting an HIV test more often, perhaps every 3-6 months.
When should clinicians start treatment for HIV?
- New data from a National Institutes of Health sponsored trial indicates there is a clear personal advantage to achieving an HIV diagnosis and starting therapy in the early course of infection. This new information further highlights the importance of routine HIV testing and the potential impact on better health outcomes. See Starting Antiretroviral Treatment Early Improves Outcomes for HIV-Infected Individuals for more information.
- The 2013 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on HIV Testing
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines
- Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)
- Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)
- Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women in Health Care Settings.
- HIV Testing in Emergency Departments (Health Research and Education Trust)
- Implementation of Routine HIV Testing in Health Care Settings: Issues for Community Health Centers
- Page last reviewed: November 15, 2016
- Page last updated: November 15, 2016
- Content source: Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexual Transmitted Diseases and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention