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State Laws that address High-Impact HIV Prevention Efforts

Alaska

state law table
Sentence enhancement specific to HIV ALASKA STAT. §12.55.155(C)(33)
Adolescent consent AS §25.20.010
AS §25.20.025
Informed Consent ALASKA STAT. § 18.15.375
Counseling ALASKA STAT. § 18.15.380
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Alaska Admin. Code tit. 7, § 27.007

Arizona

state law table
Adolescent consent R.S. §1-215
R.S. §44-132.01
R.S. §36-661
R.S. §36-663
Informed Consent ARIZ. REV. STAT. ANN. § 36-663
Counseling ARIZ. REV. STAT. ANN. § 36-663
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Ariz. Admin. Code R9-6-204, Table 3 – being revised

Arkansas

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization ARK CODE ANN. §5-14-123
Perinatal HIV testing A.C.A. §20-16-507(a)(1)(A)
Adolescent consent AR ADC 007.15.2-XXI
Informed Consent ARK. CODE ANN. § 20-15-905
Counseling ARK. CODE ANN. § 20-15-905
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws 007-15-2 Ark. Code R. § 5

Colorado

state law table
Sentence enhancement specific to HIV COLO. REV. STAT. §18-3-415.5
C.R.S.A. §18-1.3-1004(d)
Perinatal HIV testing C.R.S.A. §25-4-201
C.R.S.A. §25-4-203
Adolescent consent C.R.S.A. §13-22-101
C.R.S.A. §13-22-105
C.R.S.A. §25-4-409 (Formerly cited as CO ST §25-4-402)
Informed Consent COLO. REV. STAT. § 25-4-1405
Counseling COLO. REV. STAT. § 25-4-1405
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws 6 Colo. Code Regs. § 1009-9:2

Delaware

state law table
Perinatal HIV testing 16 Del. C. §716
24 Del. Admin. Code 1795-6.0
Adolescent consent 1 Del.C. §701
13 Del.C. §707
13 Del.C. §710
16 Del.C. §710
16 Del.C. §715 (Formerly cited as DE ST 16 §1202)
Informed Consent DEL. CODE ANN. TIT. 16, § 715
Counseling DEL. CODE ANN. TIT. 16, § 715
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws 16-4000-4202 Del. Code Regs. § 7.4

District of Columbia

state law table
Adolescent consent DC ST §46-101 (Formerly cited as DC ST 1981 §30-401)
22-B DCMR §600
22-B DCMR §603
22-B DCMR §602.6
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified
Counseling No specific laws currently codified
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws D.C. Mun. Regs. tit. 22-B, § 211

Hawaii

state law table
Adolescent consent HRS §577A-2
HRS §577A-1
HRS §577-1
HRS §577A-3
Informed Consent HAW. REV. STAT. ANN. § 325-16
Counseling HAW. REV. STAT. ANN. § 325-16
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Haw. Code R. § 11-156-Exhibit B

Idaho

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization IDAHO CODE ANN. §39-601
IDAHO CODE ANN. §39-608
Adolescent consent I.C. §39-3801
I.C. §32-101
I.C. §18-603
I.C. §39-4503
IDAPA 16.05.01.241
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified
Counseling No specific laws currently codified
Laboratory HIV Testing Laws Idaho Admin. Code r. 16.02.10 (50)
Idaho Admin. Code r. 16.02.10 (100)
Idaho Admin. Code r. 16.02.10 (360)

Kansas

state law table
STD/communicable/infectious disease criminalization K.S.A. 21-5424
Perinatal HIV testing K.S.A. §65-6018
K.A.R. 28-1-27
Adolescent consent K.S.A. 65-2892
K.S.A. 38-123b
K.S.A. 38-101
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified
Counseling No specific laws currently codified
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Kan. Admin. Regs. § 28-1-18

Kentucky

Louisiana

Massachusetts

state law table
Sentence enhancement specific to STD/communicable/infectious disease M.G.L.A. 265 §22B(f)
Adolescent consent M.G.L.A. 231 §85P
M.G.L.A. 111 §24E
M.G.L.A. 111 §117
M.G.L.A. 112 §12F
Informed Consent MASS. GEN. LAWS ANN. CH. 111 § 70F
Counseling 105 MASS. CODE REGS. § 300.200
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws 105 Mass. Code Regs. § 300.180

Michigan

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization M.C.L.A. 333.5210
M.C.L.A. 333.11101
M.C.L.A. 777.13k
Perinatal HIV testing M.C.L.A. §333.5123
Adolescent consent M.C.L.A. 333.5127
M.C.L.A. 722.52
Informed Consent MICH. COMP. LAWS ANN. § 333.5133
Counseling MICH. COMP. LAWS ANN. § 333.5133
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 333.5114

Minnesota

state law table
STD/communicable/infectious disease criminalization M.S.A. §609.2241
Adolescent consent M.S.A. §144.343
M.S.A. §645.452
M.S.A. §645.45
M.S.A. §144.346
Informed Consent MINN. STAT. ANN. § 144.7407
Counseling MINN. R. 4605.7800
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Minn. R. 4605.7030

Mississippi

Missouri

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization V.A.M.S. 191.677
V.A.M.S. 575.155
Mo. Ann. Stat. §567.020
Adolescent consent V.A.M.S. 431.055
V.A.M.S. 431.061
V.A.M.S. 431.062
V.A.M.S. 191.656
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified
Counseling MO. CODE REGS. ANN. TIT. 19, § 20-26.040
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Mo. Code Regs. Ann. tit. 19, § 20-20.020

Montana

state law table
STD/communicable/infectious disease criminalization MCA 50-18-112
MCA 50-18-113
MCA 46-18-212
Perinatal HIV testing MCA 50-16-1015
MCA 50-16-1016
Adolescent consent MCA 41-1-402
MCA 41-1-405
MT CONST Art. 2, §14
MCA 41-1-403
Informed Consent MONT. CODE ANN. § 50-16-1014
Counseling MONT. ADMIN. R. 37.114.503
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Mont. Admin. R. 37.114.204

Nebraska

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization Neb. Rev.St. §28-934
Neb. Rev.St. §28-105
Adolescent consent Neb. Rev.St. §71-504
Neb. Rev.St. §43-2101
Informed Consent NEB. REV. STAT. § 71-531
Counseling NEB. REV. STAT. § 71-531
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws 173 Neb. Admin. Code § 1-005

Nevada

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization N.R.S. 201.205
N.R.S. 201.358
N.R.S. 441A.300
Perinatal HIV testing N.R.S. 442.640
N.R.S. 442.650
N.R.S. 442.660
Adolescent consent N.R.S. 129.030
N.R.S. 441A.310
N.R.S. 129.060
N.R.S. 129.010
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified
Counseling NEV. REV. STAT. § 441A.336
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Nev. Admin. Code § 441A.235

New Hampshire

state law table
Perinatal HIV testing N.H. Code Admin. R. Mid 502.03
Adolescent consent N.H. Rev. Stat. §141-C:18
N.H. Rev. Stat. §21:44
Informed Consent N.H. REV. STAT. ANN. § 141-F:5
Counseling N.H. REV. STAT. ANN. § 141-F:7
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws N.H. Code Admin. R. Ann. He-P 301.02

New Jersey

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization N.J.S.A. 2C:34-5
N.J.S.A. 2C:14-1
Perinatal HIV testing N.J.S.A. 26 §5C-16
N.J.S.A. 26 §2-111.2
N.J.A.C. 8:61–4.6
N.J.A.C. 8:61–4.4
N.J.A.C. 8:61–4.5
Adolescent consent N.J.S.A. 9:17B-3
N.J.S.A. 9:17A-4
N.J.S.A. 9:17A-5
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified
Counseling No specific laws currently codified
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws N.J. Admin. Code § 8:57-2.5
N.J. Admin. Code § 8:57-2.8

North Dakota

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization NDCC, 12.1-20-17
Adolescent consent NDCC, 14-10-01
NDCC, 14-10-17
Informed Consent N.D. CENT. CODE § 23-07.5-04
Counseling No specific laws currently codified
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws N.D. Admin. Code § 33-06-01-01

Oregon

state law table
Perinatal HIV testing O.R.S. §433.017
OAR 333-019-0036
Adolescent consent O.R.S. §109.510
O.R.S. §109.610 (Formerly cited as OR ST §109.105)
O.R.S. §109.640
O.R.S. §109.650
Informed Consent OR. REV. STAT. ANN. § 433.045
OR. REV. STAT. ANN. § 677.097
Counseling OR. ADMIN. R. 410-143-0060
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Or. Admin. R. 333-018-0015

Rhode Island

state law table
STD/communicable/infectious disease criminalization Gen. Laws 1956, §23-11-1
Perinatal HIV testing Gen. Laws 1956, §23-6.3-3
Gen. Laws 1956, §23-13-19
R.I. Admin. Code 31-1-36:2.0 (Alternatively cited as RI ADC 14 040 006)
R.I. Admin. Code 31-1-36:5.0 (Alternatively cited as RI ADC 14 040 006)
R.I. Admin. Code 31-1-36:6.0 (Alternatively cited as RI ADC 14 040 006)
Adolescent consent Gen. Laws 1956, §23-11-11
Gen. Laws 1956, §15-12-1
R.I. Admin. Code 31-1-36:5.0 (Alternatively cited as RI ADC 14 040 006)
Gen. Laws 1956, §23-8-1.1
Informed Consent R.I. GEN. LAWS § 23-6.3-3
R.I. R.23-6-HIV 2.2
Counseling R.I. GEN. LAWS § 23-6.3-3
R.I. R.23-6-HIV 2.3
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws 31-5-34 R.I. Code R. § 5.0

South Carolina

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization CODE 1976 §44-29-145
CODE 1976 §24-13-470
Adolescent consent Code 1976 §63-5-340
Code 1976 §63-5-350
Code 1976 §15-1-320
SC Code 1976 §44-29-135
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified
Counseling No specific laws currently codified
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws S.C. Code Ann. Regs. 61-21

South Dakota

state law table
HIV-specific testing SDCL §22-18-31
SDCL §22-18-33
SDCL §22-18-34
Adolescent consent SDCL §34-23-17
SDCL §34-23-16
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified
Counseling No specific laws currently codified
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws S.D. Admin. R. 44:20:01:04
S.D. Admin. R. 44:20:02:05

Tennessee

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization T. C. A. §39-13-109
T. C. A. §39-13-516
T. C. A. §68-32-104
Perinatal HIV testing T. C. A. §68-5-702
T. C. A. §68-5-703
Adolescent consent T. C. A. §1-3-105
T. C. A. §68-34-107
T. C. A. §68-34-104
T. C. A. §68-10-104
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified
Counseling No specific laws currently codified
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Tenn. Comp. R. & Regs. 1200-14-01.02
Tenn. Comp. R. & Regs. 1200-14-01.15

Utah

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization U.C.A. 1953 §76-5-102.6
U.C.A. 1953 §76-10-1309
Adolescent consent U.C.A. 1953 §26-6-18
U.C.A. 1953 §15-2-1
U.C.A. 1953 §76-7-322
U.A.C. R512-32
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified
Counseling No specific laws currently codified
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Utah Admin. Code r. 386-702

Vermont

state law table
Adolescent consent 1 V.S.A. §173
18 V.S.A. §4226
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified
Counseling No specific laws currently codified
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws 12-5-12 Vt. Admin. Code § 2

Virginia

state law table
HIV-specific criminalization VA CODE ANN. §18.2-67.4:1(A) & (B)
VA CODE ANN. §32.1-289.2
Perinatal HIV testing VA Code Ann. §54.1-2403.01
12 VAC 5-90-130
Adolescent consent VA Code Ann. §1-204
VA Code Ann. §54.1-2969
Informed Consent VA. CODE ANN. § 32.1-37.2
Counseling VA. CODE ANN. § 32.1-37.2
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws 12 Va. Admin. Code 5-90-80

West Virginia

state law table
STD/communicable/infectious disease criminalization W. Va. Code, §16-4-20
W. Va. Code, §16-4-26
Perinatal HIV testing W. Va. Code, §16-3C-2
W. Va. Code St. R. §64-64-4
Adolescent consent W. Va. Code, §2-3-1
W. Va. Code, §16-4-10
Informed Consent W. VA. CODE ANN. §16-3C-2
Counseling W. VA. CODE ANN. §16-3C-2
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws W. Va. Code R. § 64-7-3

Wisconsin

state law table
Sentence enhancement specific to HIV W.S.A. 973.017
Adolescent consent W.S.A. 990.01
W.S.A. 252.11
W.S.A. 252.15
Wis. Adm. Code §DHS 145.21
Informed Consent WIS. STAT. ANN. § 252.15
Counseling WIS. STAT. ANN. § 252.15
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws Wis. Admin. Code DHS § 145.3, Appendix A

Wyoming

state law table
Adolescent consent W.S.1977 §14-1-101
W.S.1977 §35-4-131
W.S.1977 §42-5-101
Informed Consent No specific laws currently codified. (see The Center for HIV Law and Policy)
Counseling No specific laws currently codified. (see The Center for HIV Law and Policy)
Laboratory HIV Reporting Laws WY Stat § 35-4-107

The information presented here does not constitute legal advice and does not represent the legal views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or the Department of Health and Human Services, nor is it a comprehensive analysis of all legal provisions relevant to HIV. This information is subject to change and does not contain measures implemented by counties, cities, or other localities. Use of any provision herein should be contemplated only in conjunction with advice from legal counsel.

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