Behavioral and Clinical Characteristics of Persons Living with Diagnosed HIV Infection—Medical Monitoring Project, United States, 2019 Cycle: Fact Sheet

Data Collected from June 2019–May 2020

Fact Sheet
Retention in medical care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) are critical for sustained viral suppression.

83 percent were prescribed ART.

79 percent were retained in HIV care.

61 percent took all of their ART doses in the past 30 days.

Sustained viral suppression leads to better health outcomes and lower HIV transmission risk.

61 percent had sustained viral suppression.

Many people with HIV faced challenges maintaining viral suppression.
4 in 10 lived in households at or below the poverty threshold.

1 in 10 experienced homelessness.

The median score for HIV stigma was 38; the national goal is to achieve zero stigma among people with HIV.

26 percent reported symptoms of depression or anxiety.

1 in 3 reported using drugs for non-medical purposes.

7% engaged in high-risk sex
icon of a graph with a downward trend

High-risk sex is defined as not having sustained viral suppression and having condomless sex with an HIV-negative or unknown status partner who was not taking PrEP.

The Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) is a cross-sectional, locally and nationally representative sample survey that assesses the behavioral and clinical characteristics of adults with diagnosed HIV in the United States and Puerto Rico. To learn more about the project, visit Medical Monitoring Project (MMP).
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† Median score calculated from a 10-item scale ranging from 0 (no stigma) to 100 (high stigma) that measures four dimensions of HIV stigma: personalized stigma, disclosure concerns, negative self-image, and perceived public attitudes about people living with HIV.