HIV and American Indian/Alaska Native People: HIV Diagnoses

HIV diagnoses refers to the number of people who received an HIV diagnosis during a given year.

Ending the HIV Epidemic Overall Goal: Decrease the estimated number of new HIV diagnoses to 9,588 by 2025 and 3,000 by 2030.
In 2018, less than 1 percent (186) of the 37,968 new HIV diagnoses in the US and dependent areas were among AI/AN people.

New HIV Diagnoses Among AI/AN People in the US and Dependent Areas by Transmission Category and Sex, 2018*

Among AI/AN people, most new HIV diagnoses were among gay and bisexual men.

New HIV Diagnoses Among AI/AN People in the US and Dependent Areas by Transmission Category and Sex, 2018

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* Based on sex assigned at birth and includes transgender people.
† The term male-to-male sexual contact is used in CDC surveillance systems. It indicates a behavior that transmits HIV infection, not how people self-identify in terms of their sexuality. This infographic uses the term gay and bisexual men to represent gay, bisexual, and other men who reported male-to-male sexual contact.
Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2018 (updated).  HIV Surveillance Report 2020;31.

Though HIV diagnoses increased 6% (from 175 to 186) among AI/AN people overall from 2014 to 2018, trends varied by age and sex.

HIV Diagnoses Among AI/AN People in the US and Dependent Areas, 2014-2018*

These charts compare trends by age of HIV diagnoses among American Indian and Alaska Native people, 2014 to 2018.

These charts compare trends by sex of HIV diagnoses among American Indian and Alaska Native people, 2014 to 2018.

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*Changes in populations with fewer HIV diagnoses can lead to a large percentage increase or decrease.
† Based on sex assigned at birth and includes transgender people.
Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2018 (updated).  HIV Surveillance Report 2020;31.

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  14. United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. Labor force characteristics by race and ethnicity, 2019external icon. Accessed April 14, 2021.
  15. United States Census Bureau. QuickFacts United States: American Indians and Alaska Natives. external iconAccessed April 14, 2021.
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a Adult and adolescent AI/AN people aged 13 and older.
b Percentage of AI/AN people reporting only one race. The US Census Bureau’s population estimates include the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
c American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Republic of Palau, and the US Virgin Islands.

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