HIV and Youth: HIV Diagnoses

Diagnoses refers to the number of people who received an HIV diagnosis during a given year. In 2018, there were 37,968 new HIV diagnoses in the US and dependent areas,a and 21% (7,891) were among youth.b

Ending the HIV Epidemic goal banner for estimated HIV infections.
This banner shows there were an estimated 37,968 new HIV infections in the US in 2018 and 21 percent of those were among youth.
New HIV Diagnoses Among Youth by Transmission Category in the US and Dependent Areas, 2018*
Most new HIV diagnoses among youth were among young gay and bisexual men.

Among men, 92% of new diagnoses are from male-to-male contact. Among women, 86% result from heterosexual contact

Note: Does not include other and perinatal transmission categories; values may not equal the total.
*Based on sex assigned at birth and includes transgender people.
Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2018 (updated)HIV Surveillance Report 2020;31.

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New HIV Diagnoses Among Young Gay and Bisexual Men by Race/Ethnicity in the US and Dependent Areas, 2018*
More than half of young gay and bisexual men who received an HIV diagnosis were Black/African American.

New HIV diagnoses in the US and dependent areas among young gay and bisexual men by race/ethnicity.

*Includes infections attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use (men who reported both risk factors).
Black refers to people having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. African American is a term often used for people of African descent with ancestry in North America.
Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.

Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2018 (updated)HIV Surveillance Report 2020;31.

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From 2014 to 2018, HIV diagnoses decreased 15% among youth overall. Although trends varied for different groups of youth, HIV diagnoses declined for groups most affected by HIV, including young Black/African American gay and bisexual men.

HIV Diagnoses Among Youth in the US and Dependent Areas, 2014-2018
HIV diagnoses trends among young gay and bisexual men from 2014 to 2018 by sex and race/ethnicity.

* Based on sex assigned at birth and includes transgender people.
Includes infections attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use (men who reported both risk factors).
Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.
**Black refers to people having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. African American is a term often used for people of African descent with ancestry in North America.
††Changes in subpopulations with fewer HIV diagnoses can lead to a large percentage increase or decrease.
Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2018 (updated)HIV Surveillance Report 2020;31.

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a American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Republic of Palau, and the US Virgin Islands.
b Unless otherwise noted, people aged 13 to 24 are referred to as youth or young in this web content.

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