Many Men, Many Voices
Many Men, Many Voices (3MV) is an HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention intervention for black men who have sex with men (MSM) who may or may not identify as gay. 3MV aims to increase condom use with main and other sex partners.
About Many Men, Many Voices
Many Men, Many Voices (3MV) is a seven-session, group-level intervention developed to prevent HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among black men who have sex with men (MSM) who may or may not identify themselves as gay. The intervention addresses factors that influence the behavior of black MSM: cultural, social, and religious norms; interactions between HIV and other STDs; sexual relationship dynamics; and the social influences that racism and homophobia have on HIV risk behaviors.
- Increase condom use with main and other sex partners.
- Reduce unprotected insertive and receptive anal intercourse.
- Reduce the number of sex partners.
- Increase testing for HIV and other STDs.
Intervention Core Elements
- Enhance self-esteem related to racial identity and sexual behavior.
- Educate clients about HIV risk and sensitize to personal risk.
- Educate clients about interactions between HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases and sensitize to personal risk.
- Develop risk reduction strategies.
- Build a menu of behavioral options for HIV and other STD risk reduction, including those that one can act on individually and those that require partner involvement.
- Train in risk reduction behavioral skills.
- Enhance self-efficacy related to behavioral skills.
- Train in partner communication and negotiation.
- Provide social support and relapse prevention.
- Black MSM, including those on the “down low” with or without female partners
Technical assistance for 3MV implementation is available.
To request technical assistance:
- CDC’s directly funded health department and CBO partners may request technical assistance support by submitting a request in the CBA Tracking System.
- Organizations not directly funded by CDC may contact their local health department for assistance in submitting a training request.
If you have questions or need additional assistance, please contact DHAPCBB@cdc.gov.
Implementation and Marketing Materials
The materials and resources listed below support the implementation and/or marketing of Many Men, Many Voices by health departments, community-based organizations, and health care or other organizations. The resources are evidence-based and designed for cost-effective, scalable implementation.
- Kelly JA, St. Lawrence JS, Hood HV, Brasfield TL. Behavioral intervention to reduce AIDS risk activities. J Consult Clin Psychol 1989;57(1):60-67.
- Wilton L, Herbst JH, Coury-Doniger P, Painter TM, English G, Alvarez ME, Scahill M, Roberson MA, Lucas, B, Johnson WD, Carey JW. Efficacy of an HIV/STI prevention intervention for black men who have sex with men: Findings from the Many Men, Many Voices (3MV) project. AIDS Behav 2009; 13(3):532-544.