National Progress Report 2025 Goal: Reduce reported rate* of hepatitis C-related deaths by ≥20%

Age-adjusted rate* of hepatitis C-related deaths

Bar chart for years 2013-2023, charting rate per 100,000, starting at 5.03in 2013, declining to 3.72 by 2018, and then projected downward to 3.0 by 2023.

Source: CDC, National Vital Statistics System (1)
*Rates are per 100,000 and age adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population.
†Cause of death is defined as the underlying cause of death or one of the multiple causes of death and is based on the International Classification of Disease, 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes B17.1 or B18.2 (2).

Summary of Findings

The age-adjusted hepatitis C-related mortality rate increased each year from 2010 through 2013 but began to decline in 2014. The age-adjusted hepatitis C-related mortality rate decreased from 4.13 per 100,000 U.S. population in 2017 to 3.72 in 2018, below the 2018 target rate of 3.94.

Reduction needed to meet 2025 goal: A 19.4% reduction from the 2018 rate of hepatitis C-related deaths is needed to meet the 2025 goal of 3.00 deaths per 100,000.

Further reduction can best be achieved by

  • Increasing the proportion of persons receiving recommended testing for hepatitis C.
  • Increasing the proportion of currently infected persons who are referred for care and receive appropriate treatment.
  • Fostering collaborations that increase hepatitis C drug affordability, cost savings for payers, and access for patients.
  • Disseminating tools (e.g., telemedicine models) that help health-care systems expand their capacity to identify, link to care, and treat persons living with hepatitis C.
  • Using case surveillance and electronic health records to ensure HCV-infected persons are identified and linked to care.
  • Implementing educational campaigns to encourage testing and dispel myths about who is at increased risk for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.

Technical Notes

Data Sources: CDC, National Vital Statistics System (NVSS)

Numerator: Number of death records with a report of hepatitis C listed as the underlying or one of the multiple causes of death

Denominator: Total U.S. Census population

Indicator Notes: (1) Death certificates are completed for all deaths registered in the United States. Information for death certificates is provided to funeral directors or cremation organizations by attending physicians, medical examiners, and coroners. Death certificates are filed in vital statistics offices within each state and the District of Columbia.  Through the NVSS, information from death certificates is compiled by CDC to produce national multiple-cause-of-death data; causes of death are coded in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision. (2) National multiple-cause mortality data from NVSS were obtained and analyzed, and those death records with a report of hepatitis C (ICD-10: B17.1 or B18.2) listed as the underlying or one of the multiple (e.g., contributing) causes of death in the record were enumerated. Rates were calculated as the number of deaths among U.S. residents of the 50 states and the District of Columbia related to hepatitis C divided by the total U.S. Census population using the bridged-race postcensal estimates of the July 1 resident population. Rates were standardized to the age distribution of the 2000 U.S. standard population.

Goal Setting: The 2025 goal of 3.00 hepatitis C-related deaths per 100,000 U.S. population is consistent with CDC’s Division of Viral Hepatitis 2025 Strategic Planpdf icon. Annual targets assume a constant (linear) rate of change from the observed baseline (2017 data year) to the 2025 goal (2023 data year).

Limitations: Mortality data must be interpreted with caution due to the potential for misclassification of ICD-10 codes on the death record, underrepresentation of certain racial/ethnic populations in U.S. Census data and underreporting of viral hepatitis as causes of death on death certificates.

References

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Multiple Cause of Death 1999-2018 on CDC WONDER Online Database, released in 2020. Data are from the Multiple Cause of Death Files, 1999-2018, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program. Accessed at http://wonder.cdc.gov/mcd-icd10.html on Apr 22, 2020 12:17:38 PM
  2. World Health Organization. International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1998. Available at: http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/external icon