National Health Education Standards
The National Health Education Standards (NHES) were developed to establish, promote, and support health-enhancing behaviors for students in all grade levels—from pre-Kindergarten through grade 12. The NHES provide a framework for teachers, administrators, and policy makers in designing or selecting curricula, allocating instructional resources, and assessing student achievement and progress. Importantly, the standards provide students, families and communities with concrete expectations for health education.
First published in 1995, the NHES were created in response to several model standards being developed for other areas of education by educational leaders across the United States in the early 1990s. With support from the American Cancer Societyexternal icon, the Joint Committee on National Health Education Standards was formed to develop the standards. Committee members included:
- American Public Health Associationexternal icon
- American School Health Associationexternal icon
- SHAPE America (Society of Health and Physical Educators)external icon
Over the last decade, the NHES became an accepted reference on health education, providing a framework for the adoption of standards by most states. A review process begun in 2004 resulted in revisions to the NHES that acknowledged the impact and strength of the original document and took into account more than 10 years of use nationwide. The 2nd edition National Health Education Standards—Achieving Excellence promises to reinforce the positive growth of health education and to challenge schools and communities to continue efforts toward excellence in health education.
The NHES are written expectations for what students should know and be able to do by grades 2, 5, 8, and 12 to promote personal, family, and community health.
|Standard 1||Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health.|
|Standard 2||Students will analyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, technology, and other factors on health behaviors.|
|Standard 3||Students will demonstrate the ability to access valid information, products, and services to enhance health.|
|Standard 4||Students will demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks.|
|Standard 5||Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health.|
|Standard 6||Students will demonstrate the ability to use goal-setting skills to enhance health.|
|Standard 7||Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks.|
|Standard 8||Students will demonstrate the ability to advocate for personal, family, and community health.|
Although the NHES provides a framework for health education, teachers, administrators, and policymakers, it should also take into account the characteristics of an effective health education curriculum.