CDC National Health Report 2014 Dashboards
The following tables give an at-a-glance indication of our nation’s public health successes and challenges in recent years. For each indicator, progress was assessed based on year-to-year (trend) data, though only baseline and most current years are reported in dashboards. The related resources listed below each table provide in-depth information and tools to drive further success.
Americans are living longer than ever before. Babies born in 2011 can expect to live an average of 79 years. Life expectancy at birth in the U.S. has increased by one year since 2005. For more information, see complete table and related resources.
|Life Expectancy||Baseline 2005||Status 2012||Progress|
|Life expectancy at birth, in years||77.6||78.8|
|Mortality||Baseline 2005||Status 2012||Progress|
|Number of Premature Deaths (before age 80)||1,365,816||1,389,330|
|Total Years of Potential Life Lost before age 75 for all causes of death||7,315.7||6,588.0|
|Years of Life Lost by Leading Cause of Death||Baseline 2005||Status 2012||Progress|
|1. Heart Disease||1,107.5||951.9|
|3. Chronic lower respiratory diseases||180.1||171.6|
|5. Unintentional Injuries||1,137.2||1,046.1|
|6. Alzheimer’s disease||11.7||11.0|
|8. Pneumonia and flu||83.6||67.4|
|9. Kidney disease||74.2||65.2|
Leading Causes of Death
The 10 leading causes of death have changed little in recent years. Seven of the top 10 causes of death are chronic diseases. Heart disease and cancer remain the top 2 causes of death, accounting for half of all deaths in the United States. If current trends continue, cancer may soon replace heart disease as the leading cause of death. Suicide joined the ranks among the top 10 in 2008. For more information, watch the new video, “The Road to Longevity & Health” and see complete table and related resources.
|Key Indicators||Baseline 2005||Status 2012||Progress|
|1. Heart Disease||216.8||170.5|
|3. Chronic lower respiratory diseases||43.9||41.5|
|5. Unintentional injuries||39.5||39.1|
|6. Alzheimer’s disease||24.0||23.8|
|7. Diabetes mellitus||24.9||21.2|
|8. Pneumonia and flu||21.0||14.4|
|9. Kidney disease||14.7||13.1|
Leading Causes of Death Related Links
Obesity rates remain high, with more than one-third of U.S. adults (34.9%) and approximately 17% (or 12.7 million) of children and adolescents obese. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Obesity||Baseline 2006||Status 2012||Progress|
|Percent of adults (ages 20+) who are obese||34.3%||34.9%|
|Percent of youth (ages 2-19) who are obese||15.4%||16.9%|
Obesity Related Links
Physical activity among adults and high school students remains low. Approximately one in five persons 18 years or older currently meet the federal guidelines for physical activity. For more information, see complete table and related resources.
|Percent of adults who met the federal physical activity guidelines||16.6%||20.7%|
|Percent of high school students who are physically active at least 1 hour a day, seven days a week||17.9%||27.1%|
Physical Activity Related Links
Good nutrition is vital for the healthy growth and development of children, and for good health and disease prevention as we grow older. Yet average consumption of fruits and vegetables among adults and children remain low. For more information, see complete table and related resources.
|Average daily fruit intake (per 1,000 calories consumed) per person (ages 2+)||0.5 cups||0.6 cups|
|Average daily vegetable intake (per 1,000 calories consumed) per person (ages 2+)||0.8 cups||0.8 cups|
Nutrition Related Links
Tobacco smoking causes extensive damage to smokers and to nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke. Yet, 1 in 4 adults still smokes. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Annual per capita cigarette consumption||1,716||1,196|
|Percent of adults who are current cigarette, cigar or pipe smokers (age-adjusted)||28.0%||25.2%|
|Percent of high school students who are current cigarette smokers||23.0%||15.7% (2013)|
|Percent of children (3-11 years) exposed to secondhand smoke||50.8% (2006)||41.3%|
Tobacco Use Related Links
Heart Disease and Stroke
We have made great progress in the prevention and control of heart disease and stroke in recent years. Yet, only about half of Americans with high blood pressure have it under control, which is an important part of preventing heart disease. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Heart Disease and Stroke||Baseline 2006||Status 2012*||Progress|
Blood Pressure Control
Percent of adults with high blood pressure who have it controlled (<140/90)
Percent of adults with high LDL-Cholesterol who have it controlled
Percent of high-risk adults (post event/diagnosis) who use aspirin
Daily amount of sodium (mg) consumed in food, per person (ages 2+)
Heart Disease and Stroke Related Links
We’ve made great progress in the prevention and control of certain cancers, but Americans are not making use of key cancer prevention tools, including screening and HPV vaccination. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Cancer||Baseline 2006*||Status 2012||Progress|
Colorectal Cancer Screening
Percent of adults (ages 50-75) receiving recommended colorectal cancer screening (age-adjusted)
Cervical Cancer Screening
Percent of women (ages 21-65) receiving a Pap test, past 3 years
Breast Cancer Screening
Percent of women (ages 50-74) receiving a mammogram, past 2 years (age-adjusted)
Percent of adolescent girls (13-15years) receiving 3 doses of HPV vaccine
|16.6% (2008)||32.7% (2013)|
Cancer Related Links
Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Diabetes||Baseline 2008||Status 2012||Progress|
|Percent of adults with diabetes who do not have it under control (A1c value >9%)
|Number of adults with diabetes who do not have it under control (A1c value >9%) (in thousands)||2,300||2,600||N/A|
Data are based on 4-year data due to limited sample size of the population (limited to people with diabetes), resulting in more stable and reliable estimates. Data are reported in the table under the last year for which the data are reported (e.g., 2005-2008 data is captured as 2008 and 2009-2012 data is captured as 2012).
Diabetes Related Links
Asthma is a chronic condition that can limit quality of life, causing repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and coughing . For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Asthma||Baseline 2005||Status 2010||Progress|
|Number of hospitalizations for asthma||489,000||439,000|
Asthma Related Links
Excessive Alcohol Use
Binge drinking is associated with many health problems, including unintentional injuries, sexually transmitted infections, high blood pressure, stroke, and poor diabetes control. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Excessive Alcohol Use||Baseline 2005*||Status 2013*||Progress|
Binge Drinking Among Adults
Percentage of adults engaging in binge drinking, past 30 days
|27.1% (2008)||27.1% (2012)|
Binge Drinking Among High School Students
Percentage of high school students engaging in binge drinking, past 30 days
Drunk Driving Among Adults
Number of fatalities in motor vehicle crashes with driver blood alcohol concentration (BAC) > 0.08
Drunk Driving Among High School Students
Percent of high school students engaging in drinking and driving, past 30 days
Excessive Alcohol Use Related Links
Pneumonia and influenza are the eighth leading cause of death in the U.S. Increasing flu vaccination among children and adults can help make us a healthier nation. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Influenza||Baseline 2009*||Status 2012||Progress|
|Percent of children ages 6 months-17 years receiving ≥ 1 dose of influenza vaccine per influenza season||43.7%||56.6%|
|Percent of adults receiving influenza vaccination||40.4%||41.5%|
|Percent of healthcare personnel receiving influenza vaccination||63.4%||72.0%|
|Percent of pregnant women receiving influenza vaccination||49.0% (2010)||50.5%|
Influenza Related Links
Foodborne illnesses are estimated to affect one in six U.S. residents each year. Safe food handling and continued public health collaborations can help prevent outbreaks and ensure safer systems. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Foodborne Illnesses||Baseline 2005||Status 2013*||Progress|
|Rate of Listeria infection in the population (cases per 100,000 population)||0.29||0.26|
|Rate of Salmonella infection in the population (cases per 100,000 population)||14.53||15.19|
|Rate of Salmonella serotype Enteritidis (SE) infection in the population (cases per 100,000 population)||2.45||2.59 (2012)|
|Rate of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 infection in the population (cases per 100,000 population)||1.06||1.15|
*Unless otherwise noted. Please note: 2013 data is preliminary and reflects the most currently available data.
Foodborne Illnesses Related Links
Prevention of infection is crucial in a time of increasing antibiotic resistance. Continued public health collaborations can help prevent and control healthcare-associated infections. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Healthcare-Associated Infections||Baseline 2008*||Status 2012||Progress|
|Central Line-associated Blood Stream Infection (CLABSI), standardized infection ratio (SIR)||1.00||0.56|
|Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI), SIR||1.00 (2009)||1.03|
|Hospital admission and readmission due to Surgical Site Infections (SSI), SIR||1.00||0.80|
|Hospital onset of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile), SIR||1.00 (2011)||0.98||N/A|
|Incidence of healthcare-associated invasive Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections (rate per 100,000 persons)||27.08||18.74|
*Unless otherwise noted.
The Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR) is calculated by dividing the actual (observed) infections by the expected infections using data gathered through the CDC National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN).
Healthcare-Associated Infections Related Links
Despite progress in curbing HIV transmission and increased case identification through targeted screening efforts, nearly 50,000 people still acquire HIV each year, and 1 in 6 persons who have it are unaware of their infection. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|HIV||Baseline 2006||Status 2010||Progress|
|Number of new HIV infections in the U.S. (persons ages 13+)||48,600||47,500|
|Rate of HIV transmission among adolescents and adults (per 100 persons, age 13+, who have HIV)||4.6||4.2|
|Percent of people living with HIV who know their serostatus (persons ages 13+)||80.9%||84.2%|
HIV Related Links
Chlamydia is mostly asymptomatic and often goes undiagnosed. Increased screening efforts, an essential component in preventing further spread of chlamydia, have identified more cases in recent years. These higher rates may reflect better prevention efforts. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Chlamydia||Baseline 2005||Status 2012||Progress|
|Rate of Chlamydia in women ages 15-19 (per 100,000 population)||2733||3291.5|
|Rate of Chlamydia in women ages 20-24 (per 100,000 population)||2667.9||3695.5|
Chlamydia Related Links
Increased screening efforts have identified more hepatitis C cases in recent years. Despite these efforts, deaths from hepatitis C are expected to rise in the coming decades, as many individuals (who remain undiagnosed and untreated) grow older and develop serious complications. For more information, see complete table and related resources for prevention and control.
|Hepatitis C||Baseline 2005||Status 2012||Progress|
|Number of new cases of Hepatitis C||694||1,778|
|Number of Hepatitis C deaths||11,849||17,721 (2011)|
Hepatitis C Related Links
Maternal & Child Health
The health of mothers and their children is a critical foundation for the health of our next generation. It impacts families, communities, and the healthcare system. Infant survival has reached an all-time high in the U.S., while the proportion of babies born to teen mothers has reached a record low. Child vaccinations are at an all-time high and breastfeeding is on the rise, though only half of U.S. infants are breastfed up to 6 months of age. For more information, see complete table and related resources.
|Indicator||Baseline 2005*||Status 2012||Progress|
|Infant death rate (<1 year)||6.9||6.0|
|Number of infant deaths||28,440||23,629|
|Rate of teen births among females ages 15 to 19 (per 1,000 female population)||39.7||26.6 (2013)|
|Percent of infants that are breastfed at six months||42.9%||49.4% (2011)|
|Percent of children ( 19-35 months) receiving universally recommended doses of vaccines (DTaP, polio, MMR, Hib, Hep B, varicella, PCV )||44.3% (2009)||70.4% (2013)|
|Number of children ages 1 to 5 with blood lead levels greater than 5 µg/dL||654,703 (2008)||535,699 (2010)||N/A|
*Unless otherwise noted
Maternal & Child Health Related Links
Trend in wrong direction