Hepatitis B Around The World

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Hepatitis B around the world

Hepatitis B is a contagious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and is the leading cause of liver cancer.

Hepatitis B transmission from mother to child is the leading cause of chronic infection.

If not vaccinated, 9 in 10 children infected with HBV at birth will progress to chronic infections.

The percentage of newborns given the shot of Hepatitis B vaccine at birth in each region in 2020:

  • Americas – 60%
  • Africa – 6%
  • Europe – 41%
  • Eastern Mediterranean – 35%
  • South East Asia – 51%
  • Western Pacific – 84%

The African Region has the highest number of hepatitis B infections in children and the fewest newborn given the hepatitis B vaccine at birth.

The key to eliminating HBV infection?

Vaccinating babies within 24 hours of birth followed by 2-3 vaccinations within 6 months is the key to eliminating HBV infections.

Learn more about CDC’s global immunization efforts: www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/immunization/

Page last reviewed: July 26, 2021
Content source: Global Health