Hepatitis B Around the World

Updated July 26, 2023

Hepatitis B Around the World

Hepatitis B is a contagious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and is the leading cause of liver cancer.

Hepatitis B transmission from mother to child is the leading cause of chronic infection.

If not vaccinated, 9 in 10 children infected with HBV at birth will progress to chronic infections.

The percentage of newborns given the shot of hepatitis B vaccine at birth in each region in 2022:

  • Africa – 18%
  • Eastern Mediterranean – 32%
  • Europe – 42%
  • Americas – 65%
  • South-East Asia – 58%
  • Western Pacific – 80%

The African Region has the highest number of hepatitis B infections in children and the fewest newborns given the hepatitis B vaccine at birth.

Key to Eliminating HBV Infection?

Vaccinating babies within 24 hours of birth followed by 2-3 vaccinations within 6 months is the key to eliminating HBV infections.

Learn more about CDC’s hepatitis B global immunization efforts.