Why We Are Here

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with more than 170 million people.* It is a nation made of more than 250 ethnic groups, 380 languages, and a diverse range of cultural and religious beliefs and practices. Health problems in Nigeria are challenging, but addressing them using public health principles is necessary to support stability in this important area of the world.

Mothers attending a PMTCT clinic in Nigeria.

Mothers attending a PMTCT clinic in Nigeria.

Top 10 Causes of Death in Nigeria

Source: GBD Compare, 2010External

  1. Malaria 20%
  2. Lower Respiratory Infections 19%
  3. HIV 9%
  4. Diarrheal Diseases 5%
  5. Road Injuries 5%
  6. Protein-Energy Malnutrition 4%
  7. Cancer 3%
  8. Meningitis 3%
  9. 3%
  10. Tuberculosis 2%
Nigeria at a Glance
  • Population: 12,033,000
  • Per capita income: $12,840
  • Life expectancy at birth women/men: 54/52 yrs
  • Infant mortality rate: 36/1000 live births

Source: Bureau World Population Data Sheet, 2011

Page last reviewed: December 4, 2013
Content source: Global Health