CDC in Haiti: Why We're Here
Why We’re Here: The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began working in Haiti in 2002 and initially focused on preventing the transmission of HIV/AIDS and providing care and treatment to those already infected. After a devastating 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit Haiti in January 2010, CDC expanded the scope of its work in Haiti to focus on immediate health needs and to address longer-term public health systems strengthening. Haiti’s close proximity to the United States makes the country a critical partner in the promotion of global health protection and security. CDC’s work in Haiti is building the capacity of the Haitian Government to better prevent, detect, and respond to disease outbreaks – keeping Haitian and American citizens safe, healthy, and secure.
- 98% of all pregnant women seen at a health facility were tested for HIV to ensure that the virus will not pass to their children, one of the highest mother-to-child transmission service coverage rates in the world.
- CDC supports 89 of the 140 health facilities in the PEPFAR Haiti network and provides treatment and HIV services to 85% of all PEPFAR-supported patients.
- The CDC-supported National Epidemiologic Surveillance Network expanded from 51 sites in 2010 to 652 sites in 2018 – covering over 60% of the health facilities across the country and providing timely data on potential disease outbreaks.
- CDC contributed to cholera control efforts which have helped to reduce cholera rates by 99% from the peak of the epidemic 2011.
- CDC supported the expansion of enhanced Tuberculosis (TB) diagnostics, such as fluorescent microscopy and GeneXpert, leading to an increase in the number of multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases detected and treated annually.
- The risk of dying from rabies decreased by 60% in communities where the CDC-supported Haiti Animal Rabies Surveillance Program (HARSP) is operating.
- CDC supported the nation-wide introduction and scale-up of HIV viral load monitoring to more than 60,000 patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in FY17 – representing 69% of all ART-patients supported by the PEPFAR program in Haiti.
- CDC Haiti’s Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) has over 300 graduates who continue to provide critical disease surveillance support throughout all ten geographical departments in the country.
- CDC supported the Government of Haiti to open a national biosafety level 3 (BSL-3) laboratory for improved TB diagnosis and treatment – one of two BSL-3 labs in the country.