Food Safety for Buffets and Parties
What You Need to Know
- Separate raw meat, chicken and other poultry, seafood, and eggs from ready-to-eat foods.
- Use a food thermometer to make sure foods are cooked to a temperature hot enough to kill germs.
- Germs that can make you sick grow quickly when food is in the “Danger Zone,” between 40°F and 140°F.
- Refrigerate leftovers within 2 hours of cooking. Divide leftovers into smaller portions to cool faster.
Gathering friends and family is fun, but beware of uninvited party guests. Foodborne germs can crash your buffet and make people sick with food poisoning. When cooking, preparing, or serving food for large groups, it’s important to keep food safe. Follow these steps to keep foodborne germs from spoiling your party.
Keep It Clean
- Wash your hands with soap and running water for at least 20 seconds before, during, and after preparing food and before eating. Wash your hands after using the bathroom and touching pets.
- Wash your cutting boards, dishes, utensils, and countertops with hot, soapy water or in the dishwasher after preparing each food item.
Separate Raw Meat From Other Foods
- Separate raw meat, chicken and other poultry, seafood, and eggs from foods that won’t be cooked before eating, such as fruit, salad greens, deli salads, and bread.
- Keep raw meat, chicken and other poultry, seafood, and eggs separate from other foods when shopping for groceries and in the refrigerator.
- Use one cutting board, plate, or knife for raw meat, chicken and other poultry, and seafood and a separate cutting board, plate, or knife for produce, bread, and other foods that won’t be cooked.
Cook to a Safe Temperature
- Use a food thermometer to make sure foods are cooked to an internal temperature hot enough to kill germs. Check this chart for safe internal temperatures.
- Follow recommended microwave cooking instructions and standing times.
- Cold spots—areas that are not completely cooked when microwaved—can provide a hiding place for germs.
- Always follow cooking instructions and directions for standing time, which is the extra time food should rest to finish cooking.
Serve Foods Safely
- If preparing food in advance, divide cooked food into shallow containers and store in a refrigerator or freezer. This encourages rapid, even cooling.
- Keep hot foods hot at 140°F or warmer. Use slow cookers, chafing dishes, and warming trays to keep food hot on the buffet table.
- Keep cold foods cold at 40°F or below. Use small serving trays and replace often with fresh platters from the refrigerator, or place serving dishes in bowls of ice so they stay chilled.
- For picnics and other outdoor meals, keep cold food in a cooler filled with ice or frozen gel packs until just before serving.
- Catering or getting food delivered? Make sure food that is catered or delivered stays at a safe temperature.
The Two-Hour Rule
- Some foods will quickly become unsafe to eat if not refrigerated or frozen, such as meat, chicken and other poultry, seafood, dairy, cut fruit, some vegetables, and cooked leftovers.
- Throw away any of these perishable foods that have been left out for 2 hours or more.
- Toss them after 1 hour if they’ve been sitting out at temperatures of 90°F or hotter, such as food served at a picnic or outdoor family reunion.
Store and Reheat Leftovers the Right Way
- Divide leftovers into smaller portions or pieces for faster cooling, place in shallow containers, and refrigerate or freeze.
- Leftover foods should be refrigerated at 40°F or below as soon as possible and within 2 hours of preparation. It’s OK to put hot foods directly into the refrigerator.
- Leftovers should be reheated to at least 165°F before serving. This includes leftovers warmed up in the microwave.
- Learn how long food can be stored safely in the refrigerator and freezer.
- Foodborne Germs and Illnesses
- Food Poisoning Symptoms
- FDA: Serving Up Safe Buffets
- FoodSafety.gov: FoodKeeper App
Read other food safety features to learn more about protecting yourself and your loved ones from food poisoning.