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    Weekly Report: Influenza Summary Update

    2008-2009 Influenza Season Week 41, ending October 11, 2008

    (All data are preliminary and may change as more reports are received.)

    Synopsis:

    During week 41 (October 5-11, 2008), a low level of influenza activity was reported in the United States.

    • Seven (0.5%) specimens tested by US World Health Organization (WHO) and National Respiratory and Enteric Virus Surveillance System (NREVSS) collaborating laboratories and reported to CDC/Influenza Division were positive for influenza.
    • The proportion of deaths attributed to pneumonia and influenza (P&I) was below the epidemic threshold.
    • The proportion of outpatient visits for influenza-like illness (ILI) was below national and region-specific baseline levels.
    • Seven states and Puerto Rico reported sporadic influenza activity; 43 states and the District of Columbia reported no influenza activity.

    National and Regional Summary of Select Surveillance Components

      Data for current week Data cumulative for the season
    Out-patient ILI* % positive for flu† Number of jurisdictions reporting regional or widespread activity‡ A (H1) A (H3) A Unsub-typed B Pediatric Deaths
    Nation Normal 0.5 % 0 of 51 0 0 14 7 0
    New England Normal 0.0 % 0 of 6 0 0 0 0 0
    Mid-Atlantic Normal 0.3 % 0 of 3 0 0 1 0 0
    East North Central Normal 0.0 % 0 of 5 0 0 0 0 0
    West North Central Normal 0.0 % 0 of 7 0 0 0 0 0
    South Atlantic Normal 0.3 % 0 of 9 0 0 2 2 0
    East South Central Normal 0.0 % 0 of 4 0 0 0 0 0
    West South Central Normal 0.7 % 0 of 4 0 0 4 0 0
    Mountain Normal 2.9 % 0 of 8 0 0 2 3 0
    Pacific Normal 1.4 % 0 of 5 0 0 5 2 0

    * Elevated means the % of visits for ILI is at or above the national or region-specific baseline
    National data is for current week; regional data is for the most recent three weeks.
    Includes all 50 states and the District of Columbia

    U.S. Virologic Surveillance:

    During week 41, WHO and NREVSS laboratories located in all 50 states and Washington DC reported 1,293 specimens tested for influenza viruses, seven of which were positive: four influenza A viruses that were not subtyped (Mid-Atlantic, Mountain, Pacific, and West South Central regions) and three influenza B viruses (Mountain and Pacific regions).

    INFLUENZA Virus Isolated
    View Chart Data | View Full Screen

    Pneumonia and Influenza (P&I) Mortality Surveillance

    During week 41, 6.1% of all deaths reported through the 122-Cities Mortality Reporting System were due to P&I. This percentage is below the epidemic threshold of 6.5% for week 41.

    Pneumonia And Influenza Mortality
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    Influenza-Associated Pediatric Mortality

    One influenza-associated pediatric death was reported during week 41 from Georgia. This death occurred during the 2007-08 season and brings the total number of reported pediatric deaths occurring during that season to 87. No pediatric deaths have been reported for the 2008-09 season.

    Influenza-Associated Pediatric Mortality
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    Influenza-Associated Hospitalizations

    Laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations are monitored in two population-based surveillance networks: the Emerging Infections Program (EIP) and the New Vaccine Surveillance Network (NVSN). EIP and NVSN estimated rates of hospitalization for influenza will be reported every two weeks starting later this season.

    Outpatient Illness Surveillance:

    During week 41, 1.1% of patient visits reported through the US Outpatient Influenza-like Illness Surveillance Network (ILINet) (formally known as the US Influenza Sentinel Provider Surveillance Network) were due to influenza-like illness (ILI). This percentage is less than the national baseline of 2.4%. On a regional level, the percentage of visits for ILI ranged from 0.4% to 1.7%. All nine regions reported percentages of visits for ILI below their respective region-specific baselines.

    national levels of ILI and ARI
    View Chart Data |View Full Screen

    Geographic Spread of Influenza as Assessed by State and Territorial Epidemiologists:

    During week 41 the following influenza activity was reported:

    • Sporadic activity was reported in Puerto Rico and seven states (Alaska, California, Connecticut, Florida, Hawaii, New York, and Wyoming).
    • No influenza activity was reported in the District of Columbia and 43 states (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and West Virginia).

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    A description of surveillance methods is available at: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/fluactivity.htm

    • Page last updated October 17, 2008.
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