Sexual Transmission & Prevention

Couples Who Are Not Pregnant and Not Trying to Become Pregnant
  • Anyone concerned about getting or passing Zika through sex should use condoms or not have sex, especially because nearly half of all pregnancies (45%) in the United States are unintended.
  • If either partner develops symptoms of Zika or has concerns, they should talk to a healthcare provider.
 Traveling to an area with risk of Zika

Men and women traveling in an area with risk of Zika should consider using condoms every time they have sex or not have sex while traveling.

Affected Partner

Timeframe to Prevent Sexual Transmission

If a couple has a male partner and only he travels to an area with risk of Zika

The couple should consider using condoms or not having sex for at least 3 months

  • After the male partner returns, even if he doesn’t have symptoms, or
  • From the start of the male partner’s symptoms or the date he was diagnosed with Zika.

If a couple has a female partner and only she travels to an area with risk of Zika

The couple should consider using condoms or not having sex for at least 2 months

  • After the female partner returns from to an area with risk of Zika, even if she doesn’t have symptoms, or
  • From the start of the female partner’s symptoms or the date she was diagnosed with Zika.

If the couple contains both a male and female partner and both travel to an area with risk of Zika

The couple should consider using condoms or not having sex for at least 3 months

  • After returning from an area with risk of Zika, even if they don’t have symptoms, or
  • From the start of either partner’s symptoms or from the date either were diagnosed with Zika.
Couples Who Are Not Pregnant and Not Trying to Become Pregnant
Affected Partner
Timeframe to Prevent Sexual Transmission

If a couple has a male partner and only he travels to an area with risk of Zika

The couple should consider using condoms or not having sex for at least 3 months

  • After the male partner returns, even if he doesn’t have symptoms, or
  • From the start of the male partner’s symptoms or the date he was diagnosed with Zika.

If a couple has a female partner and only she travels to an area with risk of Zika

The couple should consider using condoms or not having sex for at least 2 months

  • After the female partner returns from to an area with risk of Zika, even if she doesn’t have symptoms, or
  • From the start of the female partner’s symptoms or the date she was diagnosed with Zika.

If the couple contains both a male and female partner and both travel to an area with risk of Zika

The couple should consider using condoms or not having sex for at least 3 months

  • After returning from an area with risk of Zika, even if they don’t have symptoms, or
  • From the start of either partner’s symptoms or from the date either were diagnosed with Zika.
Couples Who Are Not Pregnant and Not Trying to Become Pregnant
  • Anyone concerned about getting or passing Zika through sex should use condoms or not have sex, especially because nearly half of all pregnancies (45%) in the United States are unintended.
  • If either partner develops symptoms of Zika or has concerns, they should talk to a healthcare provider.
 Traveling to an area with risk of Zika

Men and women traveling in an area with risk of Zika should consider using condoms every time they have sex or not have sex while traveling.

Affected Partner
Timeframe to Prevent Sexual Transmission

If a couple has a male partner and only he travels to an area with risk of Zika

The couple should consider using condoms or not having sex for at least 3 months

  • After the male partner returns, even if he doesn’t have symptoms, or
  • From the start of the male partner’s symptoms or the date he was diagnosed with Zika.

If a couple has a female partner and only she travels to an area with risk of Zika

The couple should consider using condoms or not having sex for at least 2 months

  • After the female partner returns from to an area with risk of Zika, even if she doesn’t have symptoms, or
  • From the start of the female partner’s symptoms or the date she was diagnosed with Zika.

If the couple contains both a male and female partner and both travel to an area with risk of Zika

The couple should consider using condoms or not having sex for at least 3 months

  • After returning from an area with risk of Zika, even if they don’t have symptoms, or
  • From the start of either partner’s symptoms or from the date either were diagnosed with Zika.