Peer-Reviewed Biomonitoring Articles

The articles listed below by chemical class all meet three established criteria: they are analyses of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data, they have at least one CDC author, and they are the most recently-published of the papers fulfilling the previous two requirements for the particular chemical category.

Impact of cigarette smoking on Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) blood levels in the US Population: NHANES 2003–2004External
Chambers DM, Ocariz JM, McGuirk MF, Blount BC.
Environment International. 2011 Nov;37(8):1321-1328.

Urinary concentrations of PAH and VOC metabolites in marijuana usersExternal
Wei B, Alwis KU, Li Z, Wang L, Valentin-Blasini L, Sosnoff CS, Xia Y, Conoway KP, Blount BC.
Environ Int. 2016 Mar;88:1-8.

Acrolein Exposure in US Tobacco Smokers and Non-Tobacco Users: NHANES 2005–2006External
Alwis KU, Rey deCastro B, Morrow JC, Blount BC.
Environ Health Perspect. 2015 Dec;123(12):1302-1308.

Differential exposure biomarker levels among cigarette smokers and smokeless tobacco consumers in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2008External
Naufal ZS, Marano KM, Kathman SJ, Wilson CL.
Biomarkers. 2011 Feb;16:222-235.

Nicotine and Toxicant Exposure among U.S. Smokeless Tobacco Users: Results from 1999 to 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey DataExternal
Rostron BL, Chang CM, van Bemmel DM, Xia Y, Blount BC.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2015 Dec;24(12):1829-37.

Assessing exposure to tobacco-specific carcinogen NNK using its urinary metabolite NNAL measured in US population: 2011-2012External
Wei B, Blount BC, Xia B, Wang L.
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2016 May-Jun;26(3):249-56.

Urine concentrations of a tobacco-specific nitrosamine carcinogen in the U.S. population from secondhand smoke exposureExternal
Bernert JT, Pirkle JL, Xia Y, Jain RB, Ashley DL, Sampson EJ.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010 Nov;19(11):2969-77.

Tobacco-specific nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) in smokers in the United States: NHANES 2007–2008External
Xia Y, Bernert JT, Jain RB, Ashley DL, Pirkle JL.
Biomarkers. 2011 Mar;16(2):112-9.

Predictors of blood trihalomethane concentrations in NHANES 1999-2006External
Riederer AM, Dhingra R, Blount BC, Steenland K.
Environ Health Perspect. 2014 Jul;122(7):695-702.

Concentrations of Bisphenol A and Seven Other Phenols in Pooled Sera from 3-11 Year Old Children: 2001-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyExternal
Ye XY, Zhou XL, Wong LY, Calafat AM.
Environ Sci Technol. 2012 Nov;46(22):12664-12671.

Urinary Concentrations of 2,4-Dichlorophenol and 2,5-Dichlorophenol in the US Population (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2010): Trends and PredictorsExternal
Ye XY, Wong LY, Zhou XL, Calafat AM.
Environ Health Perspect. 2014 Jan;122(4):351-355.

Urinary Concentrations of the Antibacterial Agent Triclocarban in United States Residents: 2013–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyExternal
Ye XY, Wong LY, Dwivedi P, Zhou XL, Jia T, Calafat AM.
Environ. Sci. Technol. 2016 Nov;50(24):13548-13554.

Urinary concentrations of four parabens in the U.S. population: 2005–2006External
Calafat AM, Ye X, Wong LY, Bishop AM, Needham LL.
Environ Health Perspect. 2010 May;118(5):679-85.

Exposure of the U.S. Population to Bisphenol A and 4-tertiary-Octylphenol: 2003–2004External
Calafat AM, Ye X, Wong LY, Reidy JA, Needham LL.
Environ Health Perspect 2008 Jan;116(1):39-44.

Concentrations of the sunscreen agent benzophenone-3 in residents of the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003–2004External
Calafat AM, Wong LY, Ye X, Reidy JA, Needham LL.
Environ Health Perspect 2008;116(7):893-897.

Urinary Concentrations of Triclosan in the U.S. Population: 2003–2004External
Calafat AM, Ye X, Wong LY, Reidy JA, Needham LL.
Environ Health Perspect 2008 Mar;116(3):303-307.

Novel exposure biomarkers of N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET): Data from the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyExternal
Calafat AM, Baker SE, Wong LY, Bishop AM, Morales-A P, Valentin-Blasini L.
Environ Int. 2016 Jul-Aug;92-93:398-404.

Dietary sources of methylated arsenic species in urine of the United States population, NHANES 2003-2010External
deCastro BR, Caldwell KL, Jones RL, Blount BC, Pan Y, Ward C, Mortensen ME.
PloS One. 2014 Sep;9(9):e108098.

Total and methyl mercury in whole blood measured for the first time in the U.S. population: NHANES 2011-2012External
Mortensen ME, Caudill SP, Caldwell KL, Ward CD, Jones RL.
Environ Res. 2014 Oct;134:257-264.

Reduction in Cadmium Exposure in the United States Population, 1988-2008: The Contribution of Declining Smoking RatesExternal
Tellez-Plaza M, Navas-Acien A, Caldwell KL, Menke A, Muntner P, Guallar E.
Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Feb;120(2):204-209.

Total blood mercury concentrations in the U.S. population: 1999–2006External
Caldwell KL, Mortensen ME, Jones RL, Caudill SP, Osterloh JD.
Int J Hyg Environ Health 2009;212:588-598.

Levels of urinary total and speciated arsenic in the U.S. population: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003–2004External
Caldwell KL, Jones RL, Verdon CP, Jarrett JM, Caudill SP, Osterloh JD.
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2009 Jan;19(1):59-68. Epub 2008 Jun 4.

Smoking status and urine cadmium above levels associated with subclinical renal effects in U.S. adults without chronic kidney diseaseExternal
Mortensen ME, Wong LY, Osterloh JD.
Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2011 Jul;214(4):305-10. Epub 2011 May 8.

Trends in Blood Lead Levels and Blood Lead Testing Among US Children Aged 1 to 5 Years, 1988–2004External
Jones RL, Homa DM, Meyer PA, Brody DJ, Caldwell KL, Pirkle JL, Brown MJ.
Pediatrics 2009 Mar;123(3):e376-e385.

Combined effects of perchlorate, thiocyanate, and iodine on thyroid function in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-08External
Steinmaus C, Miller MD, Cushing L, Blount BC, Smith AH.
Environ. Res. 2013 May;123:17-24.

Perchlorate, nitrate, and iodide intake through tap waterExternal
Blount BC, Alwis KU, Jain RB, Solomon BL, Morrow JC, Jackson WA.
Environ Sci Technol. 2010;44(24):9564-9570.

Urinary perchlorate as a measure of dietary and drinking water exposure in a representative sample of the United States population 2001-2008External
Lau FK, deCastro BR, Mills-Herring L, Tao L, Valentin-Blasini L, Alwis KU, Blount BC.
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2013;23:207-214.

Trends in Exposure to Polyfluoroalkyl Chemicals in the US Population: 1999-2008External
Kato K, Wong LY, Jia LT, Kuklenyik Z, Calafat AM.
Environ Sci Technol. 2011;45: 8037-8045.

Polyfluoroalkyl Chemicals in the U.S. Population: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003–2004 and Comparisons to NHANES 1999–2000External
Calafat AM, Wong LY, Kuklenyik Z, Reidy JA, Needham LL.
Environ Health Perspect 2007 Nov;115(11):1578-1583.

Polyfluoroalkyl Compounds in Pooled Sera from Children Participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001–2002External
Kayoko K, Calafat AM, Wong LY, Wanigatunga AA, Caudill SP, Needham LL.
Environ Sci Technol 2009;43(7):2641-2647.

Selecting adequate exposure biomarkers of diisononyl and diisodecyl phthalates: data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyExternal
Calafat AM, Wong LY, Silva MJ, Samandar E, Preau JL Jr, Jia LT, Needham LL.
Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Jan;119(1):50-55.

Environmental exposure to the plasticizer 1,2-cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid, diisononyl ester (DINCH) in US adults (2000-2012)External
Silva MJ, Jia T, Samandar E, Preau JL Jr, Calafat AM.
Environ Res. 2013 Oct;126:159-63.

Temporal Trends in Phthalate Exposures: Findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2010External
Zota AR, Calafat AM, Woodruff TJ.
Environ Health Perspect. 2014 Mar;122(3):235-241.

Concentration and profile of 22 urinary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolites in the US populationExternal
Li Z, Sandau CD, Romanoff LC, Caudill SP, Sjodin A, Needham LL, Patterson DG Jr.
Environ Res. 2008 Jul;107(3):320-31.

Impact of cigarette smoking on volatile organic compound (VOC) blood levels in the U.S. population: NHANES 2003-2004External
Chambers DM, Ocariz JM, McGuirk MF, Blount BC.
Environ Int. 2011 Nov;37(8):1321-8.

Serum Concentrations of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) and Polybrominated Biphenyl (PBB) in the United States Population: 2003–2004External
Sjödin A, Wong LY, Jones RS, Park A, Zhang Y, Hodge C, DiPietro E, McClure C, Turner WE, Needham LL, Patterson DG Jr.
Environ Sci Technol 2008;42(4):1377-1384.

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, and persistent pesticides in serum from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: 2003-2008External
Sjodin A, Jones RS, Caudill SP, Wong LY, Turner WE, Calafat AM.
Environ Sci Technol. 2014;48(1):753-760.

Levels in the U.S. Population of those Persistent Organic Pollutants (2003–2004) Included in the Stockholm Convention or in other Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution AgreementsExternal
Patterson DG Jr, Wong LY, Turner WE, Caudill SP, DiPietro E, McClure C, Cash TP, Osterloh JD, Pirkle JL, Sampson EJ, Needham LL.
Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009;43(4):1211-1218.

Page last reviewed: April 14, 2017