Impact of CDC-funded Programs
Funding state, territorial, county, and city health departments is an important part of CDC’s work. CDC-funded programs targeting opioid and drug overdose have seen successes in conducting surveillance; building state, local, and tribal capacity; supporting providers, health systems, and payers; partnering with public safety; and empowering consumers to make safe choices.
OD2A Successes: Selected Examples
California strengthened its ability to detect spikes in opioid-related incidents by increasing data submission to the state’s syndromic surveillance system and leveraging advanced analytics. These actions have helped provide early detection of opioid overdose outbreaks and enabled rapid local responses.
Michigan developed best practices toolkits and implementation strategies to reduce the harms of active drug use and expand harm reduction programs to non-traditional settings such as emergency departments (EDs). The toolkits are disseminated to emergency clinicians to promote post-overdose care and safer opioid prescribing practices.
Oklahoma is educating providers on overdose prevention strategies and state opioid prescribing guidelines. The state also developed a curriculum specific to pregnancy and criteria for an educational training plan covering a variety of topics, including trauma-informed care, screening, motivational interviewing, and medications for opioid use disorder.
Washington worked with local health jurisdictions to share data to inform collaborative public health/public safety activities. This action resulted in an increase in evidence-based approaches by public safety and first responder partners, and local health jurisdictions improved utilization of prevention strategies, interventions, and treatment referral.
History of CDC State-Funded Programs
From 2016 to 2019, Overdose Prevention in States (OPIS) was CDC’s funding effort to address drug overdose. Through OPIS, CDC worked with 45 states and Washington, D.C., to provide scientific expertise, enhanced surveillance activities, and support to funded jurisdictions to collect data on fatal and non-fatal overdoses and prevent drug overdoses. OPIS included three funding programs:
- Prevention for States (PFS)
- Data-Driven Prevention Initiative (DDPI)
- Enhanced State Opioid Overdose Surveillance (ESOOS)
As of September of 2019, the three programs under OPIS were transformed into the Overdose Data to Action (OD2A) initiative, which supports state, territorial, county, and city health departments in obtaining high quality, more comprehensive, and timelier data on overdose morbidity and mortality and using those data to inform prevention and response efforts. Read more about the OD2A Program.