2019-2020 Prescription Opioid Overdose Data
SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality. CDC WONDER, Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2021. https://wonder.cdc.gov/
- Statistically significant changes in drug overdose death rates involving prescription opioids by select states, United States, 2019 to 2020.
Note: Rate comparisons between states should not be made due to variations in reporting across states.
- Deaths are classified using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD–10). Drug overdose deaths are identified using underlying cause-of-death codes X40–X44, X60–X64, X85, and Y10–Y14. Rates are age-adjusted using the direct method and the 2000 U.S. standard population, except for age-specific crude rates. All rates are per 100,000 population.
- Drug overdose deaths, as defined, that have heroin (T40.1) as a contributing cause.
- Analyses were limited to states meeting the following criteria: For states with very good to excellent reporting, ≥90% of drug overdose deaths mention at least one specific drug in 2019, with the change in drug overdose deaths mentioning of at least one specific drug differing by <10 percentage points between 2019 and 2020. States with good reporting had 80% to <90% of drug overdose deaths mention at least one specific drug in 2019, with the change in the percentage of drug overdose deaths mentioning at least one specific drug differing by <10 percentage points between 2019 and 2020. States included were also required to have stable rate estimates, i.e., based on ≥20 deaths, in at least two drug categories (i.e., opioids, prescription opioids, synthetic opioids other than methadone, and heroin).
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