Enteroviruses

Young girl blowing nose

Most people who get infected with non-polio enteroviruses do not get sick, or they only have mild illness, like the common cold. Symptoms of mild illness may include fever, runny nose, sneezing, cough, skin rash, mouth blisters, and body and muscle aches. Two of the most common types of non-polio enteroviruses are enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) and enterovirus A71 (EV-A71). Infections with non-polio enteroviruses are common in the United States during summer and fall. CDC can’t predict which type of enterovirus will be more common each season because a mix of different enterovirus types circulates every year, and different types can be common in different years.

Quiz

Key Facts

  • Mild symptoms of enterovirus infection may include fever, runny nose, sneezing, cough, and body and muscle aches.
  • Children with asthma are particularly at risk for severe symptoms from enterovirus infection.
  • There is no specific treatment for enterovirus infections.
  • The most important thing you can do to stay healthy is wash hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds.

Media

Hands being washed
Protect Your Family

Wash hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds. Also, avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands, cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue or shirt sleeve, not your hands.

Boy using inhaler
Children with Asthma

Children with asthma are particularly at risk for severe symptoms from enterovirus infection. Discuss and update your child’s asthma action plan with his or her doctor.

Mom checking daughter's forehead
Treating Enteroviruses

There is no treatment for enterovirus infections. Talk to your doctor about the best way to control symptoms.

Baby having heart checked
Prevalence of EV-D68

While 2014 was a big year for EV-D68, CDC cannot predict whether EV-D68 will be a common type of enterovirus in future seasons.

Prevention Tips

  • Wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact, such as kissing, hugging, and sharing cups or eating utensils, with people who are sick.
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue or shirt sleeve, not your hands.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as toys, doorknobs, and cell phones, especially if someone is sick.
  • Stay home when you are sick and keep sick children out of school.
Page last reviewed: June 19, 2020