Percentage of Adults Aged 60 Years or Older With Diagnosed Diabetes Who Needed Assistance With Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL),* by Age and Race/Ethnicity, United States, 1997–2011
From 1997 to 2011, trends in the percentage of adults aged 60 years or older with diagnosed diabetes who reported needing assistance with Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) varied by age and race/ethnicity group. Among those aged 60–74 years, the percentages during the period decreased for whites and remained unchanged for blacks and Hispanics. Among those aged 75 years or older, the percentages remained unchanged for whites and blacks but showed no consistent trend until 2005 and then decreased among Hispanics. Among adults aged 60–74 years, in general, the percentages were higher among blacks compared with whites and Hispanics. Among adults aged 75 years or older, the percentages were higher among blacks and Hispanics compared with whites. Throughout the period, the percentages were higher among adults aged 75 years or older compared with those aged 60–74 years. In 2011, the percentage of whites, Hispanics, and blacks aged 75 years or older who reported needing assistance with IADL was about twice the percentage of those aged 60–74 years (24.8% vs. 10.4% among whites, 28.9% vs. 14.5% among Hispanics, and 36.0% vs. 14.7% among blacks).
* Instrumental Activities of Daily Living = routine needs such as everyday household chores, doing necessary business, shopping, getting around for other purposes.
Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health Interview Statistics, data from the National Health Interview Survey. Data analyzed by personnel in CDC's Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.