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Diabetes Management

People with diabetes can lead healthy and productive lives with appropriate medical care and regular self-management of blood sugar levels.Consistent blood glucose monitoring and management as well as adopting healthy behaviors and routine medical care are critical for people with diabetes.

Blood sugar management and healthy lifestyles help people with diabetes prevent or delay some of the serious problems diabetes can cause. Keeping Blood Glucose, Blood Pressure and Cholesterol within the desired range will help lower the chances of heart attack, stroke and other complications of diabetes. People who don’t smoke or use tobacco, maintain a healthy weight and exercise regularly improve their odds of a healthy life for years to come.

Provide diabetes prevention and management activities to encourage your at risk employees to:

  • Seek help and adhere to their medical management plan including health care professional visits, tests, and medications
  • Manage their blood pressure and blood glucose
  • Eat healthfully and in moderation
  • Participate in regular physical activity
  • Stop using tobacco products

Managing diabetes is not always easy, but it is important. With guidance from their health care providers, and information and support where they work, people with diabetes can take simple steps inside and outside the workplace to manage their disease and delay or prevent complications.

Know the ABCs (A1c, Blood Pressure, Cholesterol) of Diabetes

  • A= A1c: in general, every percentage point drop in A1c blood glucose reduces the risk of microvascular complications (eye, kidney, and nerve diseases) by 40%.
  • B= Blood Pressure Control: reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease (heart disease or stroke) by 33-50% and the risk of microvascular complications by about 33%.
  • C= Control of Blood Lipids: improved control of cholesterol or blood lipids (HDL Cholesterol, LDL, Cholesterol, and triglycerides) can reduce cardiovascular complications by 20-50%.

Learn more about diabetes management from the National Diabetes Education Program. Employees who are new to diabetes may benefit from the Living with Type 2 Diabetes program from the American Diabetes Association.

Aids & Tools

Know More

  1. Learn more about diabetes management from the National Diabetes Education Program.
  2. Conferences and resources are available from Taking Control of Your Diabetes. The American Diabetes Association also offers Diabetes EXPO in some cities.
  3. Resources for ongoing support are available from the American Diabetes Association’s Living with Type 2 Diabetes program

Ask More

  1. I have diabetes and find it really difficult at work during the holidays with all the baked goods around. What can I do?
    Temptations are always a part of the holiday.  Understanding your meal plan will help guide you to identify which foods you can and should not consume.  For more information  watch the Healthy Eating and Cooking video from the National Diabetes Education Program.

  2. I work various shifts. How can I manage my diabetes well with my variable schedule?
    Yes, people with diabetes can work shifts if accommodation is made for blood sugar monitoring and control. To learn more about diabetes and shift work go to resources found at the American Diabetes Association.
  3. My boss thinks that I can’t do certain tasks because I have diabetes. He has never asked me what I can do or what my limits are. How can I talk to him about this?
    There are resources available from the American Diabetes Association and the EEOC on diabetes in the workplace that may help in educating your boss about diabetes.
  4. I have diabetes and can’t seem to find the motivation to begin an exercise program. What can I do to get started?
    The National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse has great resources to help you get moving and stay active. Check them out at Being Physically Active.
  5. I was diagnosed with diabetes and do not have employee sponsored health insurance. What options do I have available for me?
    The Affordable Care Act now makes it possible for individuals with pre-existing medical conditions such as diabetes to obtain health coverage.  Learn more about the Affordable Care Act and diabetes from the American Diabetes Association.
  6. I do not have support to check my blood sugar at work. Can you guide me to some resources that will help my supervisor understand the importance of blood glucose monitoring?
    There are resources available from the National Diabetes Education Program, the American Diabetes Association  and the EEOC that may help in educating your boss about diabetes.

Do More

  1. Learn more about implementing National Diabetes Month activities.
  2. Offer classes about diabetes management. Several lesson plans are available and can be found at Lesson Plans.
  3. Distribute literature about diabetes management. Check out the wide variety of topics available in the Resources area.
  4. Include information about diabetes management in employee communications and websites. Resources can be found at NDEP Health Sense.
  5. Provide a support group for people with diabetes.