Map Details - Anemia among Children on Women, Infants, and Children, Shelby County, Tennessee

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Impact Statement

Between the years 2003 to 2008, the rate of anemia among WIC children in Shelby County ranged from 17.5% in 2005 to 22.4% in 2007. The anemia rate for individual ZIP codes ranged from 3.6% for ZIP code 38017 in 2003 to 50% for ZIP code 38126 in 2004.

Anemia among Children on Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) by Zip Codes, Shelby County, Tennessee, 2003-2008

The highest anemia rates tended to occur in and around downtown Memphis and south of downtown. Lower rates tended to be observed in the suburban and rural areas east and north of downtown. In general, geographic variations in anemia rates are consistent from year to year. The anemia rates for certain ZIP codes show fluctuations over time. GIS maps by zip codes help visualize geographical disparities in anemia rates among WIC enrollees in Shelby County. They also help identify ZIP code areas with relatively higher or lower anemia rates.

ArcGIS 9.3; SAS 9.1

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).

This study presents anemia rates among WIC enrollees aged 9 months and older in Shelby County by zip code area and year. Anemia is defined as hemoglobin levels of less than 11 mg/dl. We analyzed the most recent hemoglobin measurement for each child enrolled in WIC for each of the years from 2003 – 2008 to determine the rate of anemia for each zip code area. Each enrollee’s resident address was geocoded to determine zip code location. Rates for zip code areas with less than 50 WIC enrollees were suppressed due to concerns about statistical reliability. We used ArcInfo version 9.3 to produce all maps.

Yinmei Li, Director, Surveillance, Epidemiology & Evaluation, Tennessee Department of Health
(615) 741-8190
yinmei.li@tn.gov

Anemia among Children on Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) by Zip Codes, Shelby County, Tennessee, 2003-2008 Croom, Fred; Li, Yinmei. Tennessee Department of Health Office of Policy, Planning and Assessment Surveillance, Epidemiology and Evaluation, [TODAY’S DATE].

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