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Stockpile Responses

Since its beginning, the stockpile has responded to multiple large-scale emergencies including floods, hurricanes, and influenza pandemics. It has also supported various small-scale deployments for the treatment of individuals with life-threatening infectious diseases like anthrax, smallpox, and botulism.

Timeline Infographic

2001 - World Trade Center & Anthrax Attacks

  • On September 11, 2001, the stockpile deployed a 12-hour Push Package to New York City in seven hours.
  • In the anthrax crisis of 2001, the stockpile provided anthrax vaccines and medicines for oral prophylaxis to more than 50 sites in 11 states and Washington, DC, in an average of less than five hours from request to delivery.

2005 - Hurricanes Katrina & Rita

Federal Medical Station setup at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, LA during the response for Hurricane Katrina

In response to requests from Louisiana and Mississippi related to Hurricane Katrina, the stockpile:

  • Sent 3,500 beds and critical medications, including those for conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, pain, anxiety, and diarrhea to the affected areas.
  • Deployed a 12-hour Push Package
  • Delivered enough vaccines to Louisiana to immunize 130,300 people against tetanus/diphtheria, 144,998 people against hepatitis A, and 144,998 people against hepatitis B.
  • Sent childhood vaccines (measles/mumps/rubella, chickenpox, etc.) to treat children in shelters.
  • Delivered 10,000 vials of insulin to Mississippi and 20,000 vials of insulin to Louisiana.
  • Launched three special flights early in the response for expedited delivery of controlled substance pain medications, intravenous (IV) re-hydration fluids, insulin, and Stockpile personnel to Louisiana.
  • Shipped 28 ventilator kits to the New Orleans’ airport to aid in evacuation of patients with critical health concerns.

In response to Hurricane Rita, the stockpile sent medical supplies and Federal Medical Stations (totaling 2,000 beds) to assist in local response efforts. Beds were set up at Texas A&M, Waco, and Marlin, Texas.

2008 - Hurricanes Gustav & Ike

  • Responded to Hurricanes Gustav, Hanna, and Ike by deploying 24 Federal Medical Stations to support the states of Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, handling approximately 6,000 beds over a 30-day period.

2009 - H1N1 Pandemic Influenza & North Dakota Flooding

  • Supported a coordinated response to the initial phase of H1N1 “swine flu” outbreak by shipping 25 percent of its total supply of influenza antiviral medications to 62 areas in seven days. The stockpile also responded to the outbreak by delivering peramivir IV, based on 1,314 requests made by doctors treating patients severely ill with H1N1.
  • Deployed two Federal Medical Stations, one to Bismarck and the other to Grand Forks, in response to North Dakota flooding in 2009.

2010 - North Dakota Flooding & Hurricane Alex

  • Deployed two Federal Medical Stations, one to Bismarck, North Dakota, and the other to National Guard Armory. The Armory was staged, but actual setup was not needed.
  • Deployed two Federal Medical Stations in response to Hurricane Alex.

2011 - Hurricane Irene

  • Deployed one Federal Medical Station to Camp Hartwell, Connecticut, in the event it was needed.  A warehouse was staged but was not needed for actual setup.  

2012 - Hurricanes Isaac & Sandy

  • Deployed staff and seven Federal Medical Stations to New Jersey and New York.  For instance, a 40,000-square-foot Federal Medical Station was staged in the Middlesex College gymnasium in Edison, New Jersey, capable of caring for up to 250 people displaced by Hurricane Sandy and in need of non-acute (non-emergency) medical care.
  • Commissioned Corps Officers were deployed to staff the Federal Medical Stations in response to Hurricane Sandy.
  • Deployed two Federal Medical Stations to Louisiana, one to Baton Rouge and the other to New Orleans, in response to Hurricane Isaac.

2014–2015 - Ebola & Botulism

Ebola Kit Building
  • Coordinated with commercial supply chain partners to identify gaps between CDC’s inventory of Personal Protective Equipment and  inventory at U.S. hospitals designated as Ebola Treatment Centers. These hospitals were prioritized for orders and the rapid delivery of key products such as gowns, coveralls, aprons, boot covers, gloves, face shields and disinfecting wipes in the event the hospitals received an Ebola patient.
  • Established a small stockpile of Ebola-specific personal protective equipment to meet urgent, short-term needs until commercial sources could respond to the demand.
  • Deployed 54 staff to support the Ebola response with 61 assignments in the CDC Emergency Operations Center, five major U.S. airports, and West Africa.
  • Provided 50 vials of Botulism Antitoxin Heptavalent to Ohio for the largest botulism outbreak seen in the U.S. in the past 40 years.

2016-2017 - Zika Virus

Building Zika Prevention Kits

In the midst of the Zika virus outbreak, the stockpile

  • Collaborated with the CDC Foundation to help obtain Zika prevention products including insect repellent, larvicides, mosquito netting, and condoms to prevent sexual transmission of Zika, as well as educational materials
  • Activated staff to rapidly assemble and deliver approximately 31,000 Zika Prevention Kits for distribution to pregnant women in affected areas
  • Initiated contracts for mosquito control efforts.
  • Sprayed more than 9,000 homes, hospitals, schools and churches to prevent the spread of the virus in U.S. territories and island jurisdictions
  • Deployed 22 stockpile personnel to U.S. territories, including Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands

2017 - Hurricanes Harvey, Irma & Maria

Federal Medical Station setup at George R. Brown Convention Center in Houston, Texas

Federal Medical Station setup at George R. Brown Convention Center in Houston, Texas

The Strategic National Stockpile supported the federal government’s response to Hurricane Harvey in Texas and Louisiana with Federal Medical Stations (FMS), personnel strike teams, and liaison officers. Overall, the stockpile deployed 6 FMS sets with 250 beds each, 12 FMS strike team members, 1 liaison to the Incident Response Coordination Team in Texas and 3 liaisons to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary’s Operations Center in Washington, D.C. Two FMS were set up and operational in Houston – one at the George R. Brown Convention Center and the other at the NRG Center. An additional four FMS were ready on standby – two in Texas and two in Louisiana – so they could be set up at a moment’s notice. Approximately 45 staffers also served in the stockpile’s team room at CDC headquarters.

In support of Hurricane Maria, first FMS and staff arrived in Puerto Rico within 48 hours of receiving orders from HHS. To date, six FMS have been shipped to Puerto Rico, and four are set up and operating in the cities of Manati, Bayamón, Ponce, and Arecibo. The stockpile had 115 personnel engaged in the response for Hurricane Maria, including those who have deployed to Puerto Rico as strike team members and supply chain experts as well as responders at CDC headquarters and at stockpile warehouses across the country.  SNS also deployed liaisons to the HHS Secretary’s Operation Center in Washington, D.C. and to the Incident Response Coordination Team in San Juan.

Since Sept. 26, 2017, the stockpile has:

  • coordinated delivery of four refrigerators, meals ready-to-eat, water and ancillary supplies for vaccines
  • established warehouse service and ground transportation in Puerto Rico, specifically a medical distribution center supporting all medical supplies for the Disaster Medical Assistance Teams and FMS across the island
  • restocked FMS operations with a new shipment of medicines and supplies

In addition, the stockpile has purchased and deployed vaccines for hepatitis a and b, tetanus, pneumococcal, rabies and influenza as well as surplus medical supplies to assist in Puerto Rico’s public health needs.

Check out the stockpile’s infographic regularly for up-to-date numbers on the division’s response efforts. To learn more about how CDC supports America during emergencies, visit CDC 24/7 and Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response webpage.