Operation Expanded Testing
CDC is reviewing this page to align with updated guidance.
In addition to COVID-19 vaccination, physical distancing, and masking, testing is a safe and effective way to help prevent the spread of COVID-19.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Operation Expanded Testing (OpET) program increases access to testing nationwide, especially for communities that have been disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.
OpET coordinates with contractor-operator hubs to provide no-cost screening testing to K-12 schools, early care and education (ECE) programs, youth camps, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs), under-resourced communities, and congregate settings, such as homeless shelters, domestic violence and abuse shelters, non-federal correctional facilities, and other qualified sites. Screening testing tests asymptomatic persons without recent known or suspected exposure to SARS-CoV-2 for early identification, isolation, and disease prevention. OpET uses pooled testing in some regions to reduce the amount of time required to test large numbers of specimens, allowing for rapid identification of SARS-CoV-2 spread in the community. Pools testing positive will be automatically retested using RT-PCR tests on individual specimens to determine individual positives.
OpET regional coordination hubs provide laboratory-based Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests (NAAT), such as RT-PCR, with specimen collection supplies, shipping materials, laboratory testing, and results reporting. The recipient sites contribute staff to collect specimens; OpET sites that lack the capacity to support specimen collection and reporting can use federal funds to pay for staffing costs to administer testing and to collect and report testing data. CDC’s Operation Expanded Testing (OpET) will be performing tests through December 31, 2022.
Enroll Your Facility into Operation Expanded Testing Today
To enroll your facility into OpET’s no-cost screening testing program, follow these steps.
- Identify your facility’s region and coordination hub.
- Visit your regional coordination hub’s website.
- Hub 1 – West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Marshall Islands, Nevada, Northern Mariana Islands, Oregon, Palau, and Washington
- Hub 2 – Midwest: Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin, and Wyoming
- Hub 3 – Northeast: Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, U.S. Virgin Islands, Vermont, Virginia, Washington D.C., and West Virginia
- Hub 4 – South: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas
- Enroll your school, childcare center, shelter, or other congregate setting.
OpET supports no-cost school-based screening testing for K-12 students and congregate settings in communities that have been disproportionately affected by the pandemic. The program is available to early care and education (ECE) programs, K-12 schools and youth camps, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs), and congregate settings, such as homeless shelters, domestic violence and abuse shelters, non-federal correctional facilities, and other qualified sites. Contact your regional coordination hub to see if your school or congregate setting qualifies.
Testing under OpET is available at no-cost to facilities. OpET is responsible for sample collection supplies, shipping materials, laboratory testing and results reporting. To participate, facilities need to work with their regional coordination hub to enroll, complete training, and provide staff to collect the specimens.
OpET regional coordination hubs primarily provide laboratory-based nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs), such as RT-PCR, that use nasal swab collection kits. Saliva sample collection is available for some locations in the Midwest region. Two laboratory testing contractor-operators, Eurofins (Northeast and South regions) and Battelle (Midwest region), offer pooled NAAT testing, such as RT-PCR. Pools testing positive will be automatically retested using RT-PCR tests on individual specimens to determine individual positives.
Sample collection varies by region. All hubs currently conduct RT-PCR tests through anterior nasal swabs. Hub 2 can collect saliva specimens at some locations.
The organization or site manages specimen collection and provides staff to do it at the site. For example, a school would make a collection schedule and collect specimens from students. The school would then submit the specimens to the regional hub’s laboratory where the specimens are tested. If the facility cannot provide staffing, the regional coordination hub may coordinate staff at a cost to the facility. Other resources may be available to states through CDC’s Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity (ELC) cooperative agreement and to facilities through state and local health departments.
Yes, private schools may enroll in the program.
In May 2021, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in collaboration with the Department of Defense (DoD) created the $650 million program, OpET, to expand national COVID-19 testing capacity for children and communities in need of testing.
Facility staff collect the specimens and are given shipping and handling instructions by the regional coordination hub. Shipping is covered both ways by the regional coordination hub.
Most results are reported to the facility within 24-48 hours. Some may take up to 72 hours after the specimen is collected.
Pooling samples is a testing method where a predetermined number of specimens are combined and used in one test. Pooled sample testing increases testing capacity and allows for higher volume screening. If a pool is negative, results are reported as negative for all individuals in that pool. If a pool is positive, the individual specimens from the positive pool are automatically routed for individual testing to determine which samples are positive. Both the positive and negative individual results are then reported. The regional coordination hub will work with your site to develop a testing plan that covers detailed information about pooled testing, as needed. See Interim Guidance for Use of Pooling Procedures in SARS-CoV-2 Diagnostic and Screening Testing for more information.
The program is active through December 31, 2022.
OpET Success Stories
Students Resume Annual Camping Field Trip with Help from Operation Expanded Testing
A weekend camping trip to Camp Erdman in Waialua, Hawaii, is the highlight of the school year for many students at Aikahi Elementary School, but the COVID-19 pandemic halted this opportunity for the last two years. Principal Keoki Fraser was determined to get students, staff, and families back to this treasured tradition in a responsible way. One solution was to implement COVID-19 testing to ensure safety.
Aikahi Elementary School is partnered with CDC’s Operation Expanded Testing (OpET), a federally funded program that provides no-cost, laboratory-based testing to K-12 schools, childcare centers, and other congregate settings. Implementing the OpET program presented a few challenges, among them getting buy-in from the parents and caregivers for screening testing, teaching students to properly collect nasals swabs, and coordinating with shipping couriers. These challenges stretched the school’s limited faculty and staff resources. Principal Fraser turned to his school’s parent volunteers to seek help. Parents and guardians guided students to specific testing locations on the school campus and assisted with labeling and collecting specimens.
Engaging parents and guardians proved to be successful. As a result, in December 2021, a total of 100 5th and 6th graders participated in the screening testing program, preventing potential spread of COVID-19 and allowing peace of mind.
“This was a breakthrough for the program and the school to show that normal activities could still be done in the midst of a global pandemic,” said Chasen Fukuda, operations manager for reopening schools and ELC manager for the Hawaii Department of Health.
The pandemic has limited extracurricular opportunities for children, but by partnering with OpET, students were able to enjoy a sense of normalcy in ways that were not possible just one year ago.
CDC acknowledges its contractor-operator, Perkin Elmer, for its support and management of OpET’s Western Hub, which serves Hawaii and other western states.
Flexible Partnership Between Illinois Department of Public Health, Operation Expanded Testing, and SHIELD Expands COVID-19 Testing for the State
COVID-19 testing in schools and congregate settings proved to be a challenge in Illinois, partly because the rural and urban areas of the state greatly differed in their testing needs. To address the challenge of scale and varying needs, the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) partnered with Operation Expanded Testing (OpET) to provide a routine testing option within Illinois, increase testing capacity, and facilitate faster access to COVID-19 testing.
As sites began implementing OpET, IDPH learned that routine testing programs are not a one-size-fits-all model. Early setbacks included limited staffing and specimen collection logistics. However, with the flexibility of the OpET program, IDPH was able to subcontract with SHIELD Illinois, a testing initiative pioneered by the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, to provide trained staff to implement and manage OpET in school settings.
OpET has been particularly beneficial to small rural schools with a small number of tests by providing an expansive logistic network of shipping couriers and laboratories for easier specimen collection and shipment.
The partnership between SHIELD, IDPH, and OpET has proven successful in being used predominantly in areas with a high Social Vulnerability Index score.
“This is a strength of OpET. It has helped us focus on the smallest schools and the most rural schools,” explained John Arenas, COVID-19 testing strategy coordinator at IDPH. In addition, the collaboration between OpET and IDPH has allowed routine testing to be implemented in congregate settings such as correctional facilities. IDPH directly connects the facilities with the OpET program, eliminating skepticism from administrators who receive cold calls from various testing companies. IDPH credits the increase in testing in these settings with OpET’s willingness and flexibility to work directly with the state’s health department.
“It’s thanks to OpET’s willingness to work directly with IDPH and be flexible with the needs of these congregate settings that are even giving us a chance to sign them,” Arenas said.
CDC acknowledges the Midwest Coordination Center for its support and management of the OpET Midwestern Hub.
Students at School of Northern Lights Become Confident in COVID-19 Testing Protocols, Allowing In-Person Learning All Year
The School of Northern Lights in St. Paul, Minnesota, has remained continuously open for in-person learning since the start of the 2021-22 school year with the help of COVID-19 testing. The small charter school’s leader, Rachel Ngendakuriyo, also serves as the COVID-19 program coordinator and enrolled the School of Northern Lights in Operation Expanded Testing (OpET).
The program’s scale and flexibility made the decision to enroll the School of Northern Lights in OpET a simple one. Routine testing for COVID-19 has maximized the number of in-person learning days and allowed students to participate in fun extracurricular activities. A return to an in-person educational setting has also alleviated the stress of distance-learning on teachers.
At first, some students and families were hesitant to consent for school testing; students were afraid there would be long nasal swabs and parents were concerned about quarantining entire classes in the event of a positive test result. However, OpET uses short, easy-to-use nasal swabs and, with time, students learned how to self-swab and became confident in the routine. Some students even showed others how easy the specimen collection was to do. In addition, OpET performs individual tests so that only those students who tested positive for COVID-19 would be asked to stay at home and away from others (isolate), limiting the disruption for the whole classroom.
Enrolling the school into the OpET program also freed up limited community testing resources for community members. “It is such a huge lift off the shoulders of our families because a lot of them were still trying to get weekly PCR tests in the community,” Ngendakuriyo said. “Parents are grateful that they do not have to find tests in the community and that they know what is going on in the classroom.”
CDC acknowledges the Midwest Coordination Center for its support and management of the OpET Midwestern Hub.