CDC has updated its guidance for people who are fully vaccinated. See Recommendations for Fully Vaccinated People.
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Health Equity in Action

Health Equity in Action


To help the United States succeed against COVID-19, CDC is working with state, territorial, local, and tribal partners, and community-serving organizations, to ensure all public health actions address health disparities for all populations.

Populations of Focus
  • Racial and ethnic minority populations
  • People living in rural or frontier areas
  • People experiencing homelessness
  • Essential and frontline workers
  • People with disabilities
  • People with substance use disorders
  • People who are justice-involved
  • Non-US-born persons

COVID-19 Health Equity Projects

National Partnership for Preparedness & Rapid Response to Public Health Emergencies Among Agriculture Workers (nationwide)

Farmer in his cereal field

Populations of focus: Migratory and non-US-born agriculture workers

Partner: National Center for Farmworker Health (NCFH)

Objective: Build a sustainable and supportive partnership with organizations serving agriculture workers around the country to enhance CDC’s and organizations’ capacity to address the ongoing COVID-19 threat, and other future infectious disease emergencies, in agricultural communities. Learn moreexternal icon

Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Adult Immunization (nationwide)

Woman receiving the vaccination

Populations of focus: Racial and ethnic minority groups (African American/Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian American, Hispanic/Latinx American, and Native Hawaiian/other Pacific Islander adults)

Partners: Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum, Association of American Indian Physicians, Association of Immunization Managers, CDC Foundation, Community Catalyst, Conference of National Black Churches, National Alliance for Hispanic Health, National Association of Community Health Centers, National Association of County and City Health Officials, National Council of Negro Women, National Council of Urban Indian Health, National Hispanic Medical Association, National Medical Association, National Minority Quality Forum, National Urban League, Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board (and various Tribal Epidemiology Centers), UnidosUS, Urban Institute

Objective: Build the evidence base of effective interventions for reducing racial and ethnic disparities in adult vaccination, as well as make an immediate impact on racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 and influenza vaccination rates, by funding national organizations to implement tailored education, outreach, and access strategies.

Toolkit for People with Disabilities (nationwide)

Girl showing her vaccinated arm

Populations of focus: People with disabilities and care providers of people with disabilities

Partners: FEMA, CDC Foundation, Georgia Tech Center for Inclusive Design and Innovation, University of North Carolina Center for Literacy and Disability Studies, DeafLink, National Association of State Directors of Developmental Disabilities Services.

Objective: Provide COVID-19 guidance and resources for people with disabilities and care providers. Learn more

Navajo Nation WASH (nationwide)

Water station

Populations of focus: Navajo Nation

Partners: Indian Health Service Division of Sanitation Facilities Construction, Indian Health Service Navajo Area, Navajo Nation Division of Community Development

Objective: Improve Navajo Nation residents’ access to potable water to support the ability to take COVID-19 prevention actions, including handwashing.

Afghanistan’s Polio Program and Fight Against COVID-19 (Afghanistan)


Populations of focus: Communities in Afghanistan experiencing wild poliovirus

Partners: World Health Organization, United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Rotary International, Gavi

Objective: Make up for the missed polio vaccinations due to the temporary pause in vaccination campaigns during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic – a necessary break that helped protect health workers and communities from unnecessary exposure during the pandemic. Learn moreexternal icon

Hopi Tribe Support (Arizona)

Woman in PPE taking notes

Populations of focus: Hopi Nation

Partner: The Hopi Tribe

Objective: Supported the Hopi to mount a robust response to COVID-19 to improve case detection, strengthen epidemiological reporting, communicate safe practices, and encourage mitigation activities. Learn moreexternal icon

Mask America Challenge (nationwide)

Schoolgirl, wearing mask, writing on dry erase board

Populations of focus: Title 1 school districts and students

Partners: CDC Community Interventions and Critical Populations Task Force, CDC Foundation, United Way, Hanes, and Business Roundtable

Objective: Distribute cloth masks to 40 million students, teachers, and staff members at schools receiving federal Title I funding. Learn moreexternal icon

Optimizing COVID-19 Infection Prevention & Control in Clinical Practice (nationwide)

Elderly woman receiving vaccine from healthcare worker

Populations of focus: Health care providers (HCP) serving populations at disproportionate risk of COVID-19

Partner: Infectious Diseases Society of America

Objective: Optimize dissemination, adoption, and implementation of COVID-19 infection prevention and control guidance among HCPs to reduce transmission. Learn moreexternal icon

National Resource Center for Refugees, Immigrants, and Migrants (NRC-RIM) (nationwide)

Lady grocery shopping

Populations of focus: Refugees, immigrants, and migrants (RIM) in the United States.

Partner: University of Minnesota

Objective: Provide a centralized hub where state and local health departments working with RIM communities can access data-driven approaches for effective COVID-19 prevention. Learn moreexternal icon

Accessible Materials and Culturally Relevant Messages for Individuals with Disabilities Project (nationwide)

Girl reading Braille and using computer

Populations of focus: People with disabilities; caregivers of people with disabilities; organizations serving people with disabilities

Partners: CDC Foundation and Georgia Tech Center for Inclusive Design and Innovation

Objective: Deliver essential COVID-19 information to people with disabilities, their families, and caregivers. The project helps to ensure that COVID-19 guidelines are not only accessible to people with disabilities, but also that they are culturally appropriate and relevant to the challenges people with disabilities face during emergency response situations such as COVID-19. Learn moreexternal icon


We continue to collect data to assess and track disparities related to COVID-19, work to expand completeness of the data, and develop new ways of communicating data to the public and other partners.

Take a look at some of our COVID-19 data:

Demographic Trends

People at Increased Risk

Project Spotlight:

CDC’s Toolkit for People with Disabilities

Women showing vaccinated arm

Populations of focus: People with disabilities, care providers of people with disabilities

Partners: FEMA, CDC Foundation, Georgia Tech Center for Inclusive Design and Innovation, University of North Carolina Center for Literacy and Disability Studies, DeafLink, National Association of State Directors of Developmental Disabilities Services.

Purpose: Provide COVID-19 guidance and resources for people with disabilities and care providers.

Project website: CDC Toolkit for People with Disabilities

Description: People with disabilities are disproportionately affected by COVID-19 because of a variety of factors, including: 1) underlying health conditions that make them more likely to get severely ill, 2) increased likelihood of unavoidable close contact with care providers, 3) increased likelihood of living in a congregate setting, and 4) additional barriers to accessing health care, health information, and resources to follow COVID-19 prevention guidelines. There is a need for guidance and resources that are tailored for people with disabilities and their care providers. This project aims to compile and develop guidance and tools to help people with disabilities and those who provide services or care for them make decisions, protect their health, and communicate with their communities. The tools and guidance developed in this project reflect what CDC has learned about the needs of people with disabilities and care providers from partners and listening sessions, projects, and research efforts.

Early impact:

  • Developed and launched the CDC Toolkit for People with Disabilities web page.
  • Utilized feedback from partners indicating a need for more information geared toward people with disabilities related to vaccine access, accessible vaccination sites, and accessible communications products/web resources to develop web content, fact sheets and one-pagers, scheduling language, and a promising practices document on vaccination access for people who have challenges leaving their home.
  • Began the integration of information related to people with disabilities as well as social media and web-based graphics that reflect varying disabilities throughout the CDC sites instead of just on disability-related webpages.

Additional Resources

CDC has COVID-19 resources for these Health Equity populations of focus

More on Health Equity

Featured Webinars


External Resources