Excluding moderate and severe TBI, what may cause concussion symptoms?
Neuron disruption in the cerebral cortex
Neurometabolic cascade and axonal dysfunction
Interruption between Broca's area in the cerebrum and Wernicke's area
Hippocampus injury and limbic system impairment
Why are kids and teens at increased risk for concussion?
Susceptibility to chemical and metabolic changes
Axons not as myelinated or insulated
Less developed cervical and shoulder musculature
A and C only
All the above
According to the concussion in Sports Group, concussion will show abnormality on standard structural neuroimaging studies?Submit
What are the four categories of concussion symptoms?
Somatic, Cognitive, Affective, Sleep
Cognitive, Affective, Effective, Peripheral
Cognitive, Affective, Consciousness, Balance
Mild, Moderate, Severe, Profound
Which of the following should prompt immediate transport of an athlete with a concussion for emergency evaluation?
Increase in severity of signs and symptoms that may indicate neurological deterioration
Decreasing level of consciousness
Persistent focal neurologic deficit
All of the above
What 4 components should your concussion plan cover?
Pre-Injury, Injury, Post-Injury, Lifelong impairment
Sport, Season, Gender, Geographic Area
Exertion, Contact, Rest, Symptom Checklist
Pre-Season Planning, On-field Exam, Sideline Evaluation, Removal from Play
How often does a concussion result in loss of consciousness?
Often - 85% or more of the time
Moderately - 50% of the time
Mildly - 25% of the time
Seldom - 10% of the time
A prior personal and/or family history of diagnosis of which of the following may lead to protracted recovery or complicate the recovery process?
Depression/mood disorder or anxiety
B and C only
All of the above
Appropriate management of concussion injury can help:Submit
When should you refer to a concussion specialist?
When an athlete's symptoms have not gone away after 10-14 days
When an athlete does not match their baseline after 3 days
When an athlete fails to be asymptomatic during Step 3 of the 5-Step return to play process
All the above
What happens when an athlete's symptoms return after they've initiated the 5-Step return to play process?
The athlete should progress to the next level so long as they do not lose consciousness
The athlete should drop back to the previous asymptomatic level and try to progress agin after a further 24-hour period of rest has passed and they are again asymptomatic.
The athlete should repeat the 5-Step process, starting at Step 1
The athlete should rest for 15 days
An athlete with a suspected concussion can return to play the same day if his or her symptoms that are present at 5 minutes post injury, but are no longer present at 15 and 20 minutes post injury.Submit
What activities might an athlete returning to school need to limit or avoid to achieve cognitive rest?
Academic activities (reading, homework, studying at pre-injury levels, etc)
Technological activities (using computers, phones, etc)
Entertainment activities (television, video games, etc)
All the above
Tolerance for cognitive activity increases as the student recovers, but the rate my vary from one student to another.Submit
Research suggests that Post concussive syndrome occurs in approximately:?
1-3% of patients with concussion
5-8% of patients with concussion
10-13% of patients with concussion
21-24% of patients with concussion
Which of the following can help reduce the risk for concussion?Submit
Which of the following is true about concussion?
Protective equipment will make you "invincible" to concussion
You must lose consciousness to have a concussion
Kids and teens are more susceptible to concussion
Teaching kids to "shake it off" and keep playing is the right thing to do
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