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Climate and Health Overviews

CCSP. Analysis of the Effects of Global Change on Human Health and Welfare and Human Systems. A report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. Gamble, J.L., K.L. Ebi, A. E. Grambsch, F.G. Sussman and T.J. Wilbanks. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA, 2008. ( [PDF – 3.48 MB]).

Frumkin H, McMichael A, and Hess J. Climate Change and the Health of the Public. Am J Prev Med. 35 (5): 401-402, 2008. (

Luber, G. Confronting a Changing Climate: A Public Health Approach. Worchester Medicine. Vol. 75(3): 14-15, 2011. ().

Luber, G. Climate Change and Human Health: NASA and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Collaboration, Geocarto International. 29(1):17-18, 2014. (

Luber G, and Hess J. Climate change and human health in the United States. J of Env Health. 70(5):43-44, 2007. ( [PDF – 823 KB]).

Luber G, Knowlton K, Balbus J, Frumkin H, Hayden M, Hess J, McGeehin M, Sheats N, Backer L, Beard CB, Ebi KL, Maibach E, Ostfeld RS, Wiedinmyer C, Zielinski-Gutiérrez E, and Ziska L. Ch. 9: Human Health. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, Melillo JM, Richmond TC, and Yohe GW, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 220-256, 2014. (

Luber, G, and N Prudent. Climate Change and Human Health. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Assn. Vol 120: 113-117, 2009. (

Portier CJ, Thigpen-Tart K, Hess J, Luber G, Maslak T, Radtke M, Strickman D, Trtanj JM, Carter SR, Dilworth CH, Grambsch A, Howard SN, Lutz JT, Rosenthal JP, Rowles T, Sandifer P, Scheraga J, Whung PY. A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change. Environmental Health Perspectives doi:10.1289/ehp.1002272, 2010. ( [PDF – 5.16 MB]).

Prudent N, Houghton A, Stewart J, Petersen A, Thompson R, Byrne M & Luber G. Addressing Climate Change and Local Public Health: The Austin Climate Protection Program and the CDC Working Group on Climate Change Collaboration. Journal of Environmental Health Vol. 71(8):18-9, 2009. ( [PDF – 599 KB]).

Saha S, Brock JW, Vaidyanathan A, Easterling DR and Luber G. Spatial variation in hyperthermia emergency department visits among those with employer-based insurance in the United States – a case-crossover analysis. Environmental Health 2015, 14:20, 2015. (

Schramm PJ. National Climate Assessment Health Sector Workshop Report: Northwest Region. 29pp, Seattle, Washington, 2012. ( [PDF – 629 KB]).

Schramm PJ. National Climate Assessment Health Sector Workshop Report: Southeast Region. 32pp, Charleston, South Carolina, 2012. ( [PDF – 777 KB]).

Schramm PJ, Uejio CK, Hess JJ, Marinucci GD, and Luber G. Climate Models and the Use of Climate Projections: A Brief Overview for Health Departments [PDF – 1.50 MB]. Climate and Health Technical Report Series, 2014.

St. Louis M and Hess J. Climate Change: Impacts on and Implications for Global Health. Am J Prev Med. 35 (5): 527-538, 2008. (


Frumkin, H, and G Luber. Climate Change: A Public Health Framework. Northwest Public Health. Vol. 25(2): 6-7, 2008. ( [PDF – 112 KB]).

Hess JJ, Eidson M, Tlumak J, Raab K, Luber G. An Evidence-Based Public Health Approach to Climate Change Adaptation. Environ Health Perspect., 122(11): 1177–1186, 2014. ( [PDF – 195 KB]).

Marinucci GD, Luber G, Uejio CK, Saha S, Hess JJ. Building Resilience against Climate Effects—A Novel Framework to Facilitate Climate Readiness in Public Health Agencies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; 11(6):6433-6458, 2014. (

Assessing Vulnerability

Ebi, K, P Berry, D Campbell-Lendrum, C Corvalan, J Guillemo, M Aparicio, H Bakir, I Kabir, V Kendrovski, George Luber, P Raingsey Prak, A Sharshenova, C Ugarte. Protecting Health from Climate Change: Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment. Pan American Health Organization. Washington D.C., 2010. (

Houghton, A., N Prudent, J E Scott, R Wade, and G Luber. Climate Change-Related Vulnerabilities and Local Environmental Public Health Tracking through GEMSS: a web-based visualization tool. Applied Geography. Vol. 33: 36–44, 2012. (

Johnson, D, A Stanforth, V Lulla, G Luber. Developing an applied extreme heat vulnerability index utilizing socioeconomic and environmental data. Applied Geography. Vol 35 (1–2): 23–31, 2012. (

Johnson, DP, JS Wilson, and G Luber. Socioeconomic indicators of heat-related health risk supplemented with remotely sensed data. International Journal of Health Geographics. Vol. 8:57, 2009. (

Manangan AP, Uejio CK, Saha S, Schramm PJ, Marinucci GD, Brown CL, Hess JJ, and Luber G. Assessing health vulnerability to climate change: A guide for health departments. Climate and Health Technical Report Series, 2014. ( [PDF – 4.35 MB]).

Vijay Lulla, Ph.D.1, Austin Stanforth, M.S. 1, Natasha Prudent, MPH 2, Daniel Johnson, Ph.D. 1, George Luber, Ph.D. 2 Modeling Vulnerable Urban Populations in the Global Context of a Changing Climate.

Response and Adaptation

Frumkin H, Hess J, Luber G, Malilay J, and McGeehin M. Climate change: the public health response. Am J Public Health. 98:435-445, 2008. (

Hess, JJ, JZ McDowell, G Luber. Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Public Health Practice: Using Adaptive Management to Increase Adaptive Capacity and Build Resilience. Environmental Health Perspectives.; 120(2):171-9, 2012. (

Hess JJ, Marinucci G, Schramm PJ, Manangan A, Luber G. Management of Climate Change Adaptation at the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chapter 20 in Climate Change and Global Public Health. Editors: Pinkerton K and Rom W. New York: Springer, 2013. (

Hess JJ, Schramm PJ, Luber G. Public Health and Climate Change Adaptation at the Federal Level: One Agency's Response to Executive Order 13514. American Journal of Public Health 104 (3), 22-30, 2014. (

HHS. Department of Health and Human Services Climate Change Adaptation, 2012. ( [PDF – 300 KB]).

Holdren J et al. National Global Change Research Plan 2012-2021: A Strategic Plan for the US Global Change Research Program, 2012. ( [PDF – 31. 29 MB] ).


Berko J, Ingram D, Saha S, and Parker J. Deaths Attributed to Heat, Cold, and Other Weather Events in the United States, 2006–2010. National Health Statistics Reports, Number 76. National Center for Health Statistics, US Department of Health and Human Services, 2014. ( [PDF – 330 KB]).

CDC. Climate Change and Extreme Heat Events. ( [PDF – 3.32 MB]).

CDC. Recognizing, Preventing and Treating Heat-Related Illness: An e-learning course. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC), 2009. (

Golden J, Hartz D, Brazel A, Luber G, and Phelan P. A biometeorology study of climate and heat-related morbidity in Phoenix from 2001 to 2006. Intl J of Biometeorology, 2008. (

Hess JJ, Saha S, Luber G. Summertime Acute Heat Illness in US Emergency Departments from 2006-2010: Analysis of a Nationally Representative Sample. Environ Health Perspect 122(11):1209-15, 2014. (

Lin S, Hsu WH, Van Zutphen AR, Saha S, Luber G, & Hwang SA. Excessive heat and respiratory hospitalizations in New York state: estimating current and future public health burden related to climate change. Environmental health perspectives, 120(11), 1571, 2012. (

Luber G and McGeehin M. Climate Change and Extreme Heat Events. Am J Prev Med. 35 (5): 429-435, 2008. ( ).

Food and Water-borne Illnesses

Azziz-Baumgartner E, G Luber, L Conklin, TR Tosteson, HR Granade, RW Dickey, LC Backer. Assessing the Incidence of Ciguatera Fish Poisoning with Two Surveys Conducted in Culebra, Puerto Rico, during 2005 and 2006. Environmental Health Perspectives. 120(4):526-9, 2012. (

Infectious Disease

Dhara VR, Schramm PJ, and Luber G. Climate Change and Infectious Diseases in India: Implications for Healthcare Providers. Indian J Med Res 138(6):847-52, 2013. (

Amber K. Haynes; Arie P. Manangan; Marika K. Iwane; Katharine Sturm-Ramirez; Nusrat Homaira; W. Abdullah Brooks; Stephen Luby; Mahmudur Rahman; John D. Klena; Yuzhi Zhang; Hongie Yu; Faxian Zhan; Erica Dueger; Adel Mahmoud Mansour; Nahed Azazzy; John P. McCracken; Joe P. Bryan; Maria R. Lopez; Deron C. Burton; Godfrey Bigogo; Robert F. Breiman; Daniel R. Feikin; Kariuki Njenga; Joel Montgomery; Adam L. Cohen; Jocelyn Moyes; Marthi Pretorius; Cheryl Cohen; Marietjie Venter; Malinee Chittaganpitch; Somsak Thamthitiwat; Pongpun Sawatwong; Henry C. Baggett; George Luber; Susan I. Gerber. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Circulation in Seven Countries With Global Disease Detection Regional Center. Journal of Infectious Diseases 208: S246-S254, 2013. (

Regional Assessments

Bush KF, Luber G, Rani Kotha S, Dhaliwal RS, Kapil V, Pascual M, Brown DG, Frumkin H, Dhiman RC, Hess J, Wilson ML, Balakrishnan K, Eisenberg J, Kaur T, Rood R, Batterman S, Joseph A, Gronlund CJ, Agrawal A, Hu H. Climate Change on Public Health in India: Future Research Directions. Environ Health Perspect. 119(6): 765–770, 2011. (

Carter LM, Jones JW, Berry L, Burkett V, Murley JF, Obeysekera J, Schramm PJ, and Wear D. Ch. 17: Southeast and the Caribbean. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 396-417, 2014. (

Hess J, Malilay J and Parkinson A. Climate Change: The Importance of Place. Am J Prev Med. 35 (5): 468-478, 2008. (

Luber G, M Poulssen, B Moy, M Engelgau. Chapter 9: The Health Sector. In, Title of Report. South Asia: Shared View on Development and Climate Change, World Bank, 119-128, 2008. ( [PDF – 220 KB]).

Schramm PJ, Blackmore GM, Crosson W, Emrich CT, Estes M, Goodman M, Lipp EK, Liu Y, Morris G, Stumpf RP, Thie L, Tomlinson MC. Human Health and Climate Change in the Southeast USA. In Ingram K, Dow K, Carter L, and J Anderson, eds., Climate of the Southeast United States: Variability, Change, Impacts, and Vulnerability (43-61). Washington DC: Island Press, 2013. ( [PDF – 8.31 MB]).