Indicator Definitions - Reproductive Health
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- CDC PRAMS Website, https://www.cdc.gov/prams/prams-data/mch-indicators.html.
- Division of Birth Defects, National Center for Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Use of supplements containing folic acid among women of childbearing age—United States. Available at www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/folicacid/data.html.
- Milunsky A, Jick H, Jick SS, et al. Multivitamin/folic acid supplementation in early pregnancy reduces the prevalence of neural tube defects. JAMA 1989; 262:2847-2852.
- Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intake for thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline. Washington, DC. National Academy Press, 1998.
- Gardiner PM, Nelson L, Shellhaas CS, et al. The clinical content of preconception care: nutrition and dietary supplements. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2008; 199 (6 Suppl B): S345- S356.
- Yang QH, Carter HK, Mulinare J, Berry RJ, Friedman JM, Erickson JD. Race-ethnicity differences in folic acid intake in women of childbearing age in the United States after folic acid fortification: Findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2002. Am J Clin Nutr 2007; 85:1409-1416.
- Burton A, Wilson S, and Gillies AJ. Folic acid: Is self reported use of supplements accurate? J Epidemiol. Community Health 2001; 55: 841-842.
- Yen J, Zoumas-Morse C, Pakiz B, Rock CL. Folate intake assessment: Validation of a new approach. J Am Diet Assoc 2003; 103: 991-1000.
- Satia-Abouta1 J, Patterson RE, King IB, et al. Reliability and validity of self-report of vitamin and mineral supplement use in the Vitamins and Lifestyle Study. Am J Epidemiol 2003; 157: 944–954
- CDC PRAMS Website, https://www.cdc.gov/prams/prams-data/mch-indicators/states/pdf/2018/All-PRAMS-Sites-2016-2017_508.pdf pdf icon[PDF-198KB].
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG technical bulletin. Preconception Care. Number 313 – Sept. 2005. Compendium of Selected Publications, Volume 1: committee opinions and policy statements, pp.214-215.
- Kogan MD, Leary M, Schaetzel T. Factors associated with postpartum care among Massachusetts users of the maternal and infant care program. Family Plan Perspect 1990; 22: 128-30.
- D’Angelo D, Williams L, Morrow B, et al. Preconception and interconception health status of women who recently gave birth to a live-born infant—Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), United States, 26 reporting areas. MMWR 2007; 56(SS10): 1-35
- Women’s Health USA 2012, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, January 2013.
- U.S. Preventive Services Task Forceexternal icon. Recommendations. Accessed 10/25/12.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Servicesexternal icon. Affordable Care Act Rules on Expanding Access to Preventive Services for Women. Accessed 10/25/12.
- Moy E, Bartman BA, and Weir MR. Access to hypertensive care: Effects of income, insurance, and source of care. Arch Intern Med 1995; 155:1497-1502.
- Ettner SL. The timing of preventive services for women and children: The effect of having a usual source of care. Am J Public Health 1996; 86:1748-1754.
- National Center for Health Statistics. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Health Interview Survey, 2005. Accessed on-line via the Commonwealth Fund’s Performance Snapshots: Usual Source of Care and Receipt of Preventive Care. http://www.cmwf.org/snapshotsexternal icon
- Nelson DE, Holtzman D, Bolen J, Stanwyck CA, Mack KA. Reliability and validity of measures from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Soc Prev Med 2001; 46 Suppl 1:S3-S42.
Page last reviewed: January 15, 2015