Lymphoma

Diagram showing stage four adult Hodgkin lymphoma

Stage IV adult Hodgkin lymphoma; drawing shows cancer in the liver, the left lung, and in one lymph node group below the diaphragm. The brain and pleura are also shown. One inset shows a close-up of cancer spreading through lymph nodes and lymph vessels to other parts of the body. Lymphoma cells containing cancer are shown inside one lymph node. Another inset shows cancer cells in the bone marrow.

© 2010 Terese Winslow LLC, U.S. Govt. has certain rights. Used with Permission. Contact artist at www.teresewinslow.comExternal for licensing.

LymphomaExternal is a general term for cancers that start in the lymph system (the tissues and organs that produce, store, and carry white blood cells that fight infections). The two main kinds of lymphoma are—

  • Hodgkin lymphoma, which spreads in an orderly manner from one group of lymph nodes to another.
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which spreads through the lymphatic system in a non-orderly manner.

Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma can occur in children, teens, and adults.

What Causes Lymphoma?

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma becomes more common as people get older. Unlike most cancers, rates of Hodgkin lymphoma are highest among teens and young adults (ages 15 to 39 years) and again among older adults (ages 75 years or older). White people are more likely than black people to develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and men are more likely than women to develop lymphoma.

Scientists do not fully understand all of the causes of lymphoma, but research has found many links. For example—

Symptoms of Lymphoma

Symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma include swollen lymph nodes, especially in the part of the body where the lymphoma starts to grow. Other symptoms include fever, night sweats, feeling tired, and weight loss.

These symptoms can also come from other conditions. If you have any of them, talk to your doctor.

Statistics

The Data Visualizations tool makes it easy for anyone to explore and use the latest official federal government cancer data from United States Cancer Statistics. It includes the latest cancer data covering 100% of the U.S. population.

Hodgkin Lymphoma

Map of the United States
See rates or numbers of new Hodgkin lymphomas or Hodgkin lymphoma deaths for the entire United States and individual states. Also, see the top 10 cancers for men and women.
Bar chart of demographics.
See rates or numbers of new Hodgkin lymphomas or Hodgkin lymphoma deaths by race/ethnicity, sex, and age group.
Line chart of trends.
See how the rates of new Hodgkin lymphomas or Hodgkin lymphoma deaths changed over time for the entire United States and individual states.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

See rates or numbers of new non-Hodgkin lymphomas or non-Hodgkin lymphoma deaths for the entire United States and individual states. Also, see the top 10 cancers for men and women.
See rates or numbers of new non-Hodgkin lymphomas or non-Hodgkin lymphoma deaths for the entire United States and individual states. Also, see the top 10 cancers for men and women.
Bar chart of demographics.
See rates or numbers of new non-Hodgkin lymphomas or non-Hodgkin lymphoma deaths by race/ethnicity, sex, and age group.
Line chart of trends.
See how the rates of new non-Hodgkin lymphomas or non-Hodgkin lymphoma deaths changed over time for the entire United States and individual states.
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