HPV-Associated Vaginal Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity
Vaginal cancers are rare. It is estimated that about 802 new cases of HPV-associated vaginal cancer are diagnosed in the United States each year.* More black and Hispanic women get HPV-associated vaginal cancer than women of other races and ethnicities, similar to cervical cancer.
*Note: This study used cancer registry data to estimate the amount of HPV-associated cancer in the United States by examining cancer in parts of the body and cancer cell types that are more likely to be caused by HPV. Cancer registries do not collect data on the presence or absence of HPV in cancer tissue at the time of diagnosis. In general, HPV is thought to be responsible for about 75% of vaginal cancers.
HPV-Associated Vaginal Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity, United States, 2008–2012
The graph above shows the age-adjusted incidence rates for HPV-associated vaginal cancer in the United States during 2008–2012. “AI/AN” means American Indian/Alaska Native, and “A/PI” means Asian/Pacific Islander. The rates shown are the number of women who were diagnosed with HPV-associated vaginal cancer for every 100,000 women. About 0.6 black women, 0.4 white women, 0.3 American Indian/Alaska Native women, and 0.2 Asian/Pacific Islander women were diagnosed with HPV-associated vaginal cancer per 100,000 women. About 0.5 Hispanic women were diagnosed with HPV-associated vaginal cancer per 100,000 women, compared to 0.4 non-Hispanic women.
This graph was adapted from Viens LJ, Henley SJ, Watson M, Markowitz LE, Thomas CC, Thompson TD, Razzaghi H, Saraiya M, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Human papillomavirus–associated cancers—United States, 2008–2012. MMWR 2016;65(26):661–666.